Questions tagged [middle-voice]

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Why does the future of εἰμί have the middle voice while the other tenses are active?

I'm reading Ανάβασις by Ξενοφών. I just found this out when I came across this sentence: "κακῶς γὰρ τῶν ἡμετέρων ἐχόντων πάντες οὗτοι οὓς ὁρᾶτε βάρβαροι πολεμιώτεροι ἡμῖν ἔσονται τῶν παρὰ βασιλεῖ ...
mike rodent's user avatar
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5 votes
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How one can say "The door opened" in Latin?

I'm interested in knowing all the possible grammatical (i.e. morphosyntactic) ways to express the perfect construction "The door opened" in Latin. It seems to me that, in this case, a ...
Mitomino's user avatar
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1 vote
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Anticausative/Mediopassive constructions in perfect form?

I was wondering what is the correct analysis/interpretation of exstincta sunt in the following text from Cicero: quarum rerum recordatio et memoria si una cum illo occidisset, desiderium ...
Mitomino's user avatar
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3 votes
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Did the use of the middle with the semantics of the passive continue as late as koine?

My understanding of the history is that PIE had active and middle voices, while the passive was a later innovation. Therefore it seems that in the early language as preserved in Homer, we see the ...
kfjgdfjkl's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer

A process now in progress, with no agent

Suppose I want to say: Maybe your appetite is a sign of returning health. One possibility: Fortasse orexis tua sānitātem portendit revertentem. I'm not sure that revertor carries this metaphor as ...
Ben Kovitz's user avatar
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8 votes
2 answers

middle voice in Latin

Does the sequence esse plus past participle (of a non-deponent Verb) occure in middle function in latin? Is the middle function restricted to the mediopassive r-form in the imperfective tenses (...
Lisa's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer

"Middle constructions" in Latin?

I was wondering how so-called "middle constructions" like the English ones exemplified in (1), which are typically translated with a reflexive verb in Romance languages (e.g., see the Catalan examples ...
Mitomino's user avatar
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8 votes
4 answers

Do non-deponent Latin verbs ever have a "middle voice"?

In Ancient Greek, verbs often take a "middle voice", neither active nor passive. The forms usually look identical to the passive on the surface, but can take direct objects and cannot take an agent (...
Draconis's user avatar
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