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For questions regarding the meaning or connotation of a word or phrase.

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7 votes
2 answers
5k views

How can we distinguish "Si vis pacem, para bellum" translations?

On Wikipedia it is said that Si vis pacem, para bellum means "If you want peace, prepare for war". But I think that It also seems like "If you want peace, prepare war". What makes ...
3 votes
1 answer
146 views

PLATO BRONCE ESCUDO HISPAN TE IND REX NG 8R P

Does "Hispan te Ind Rex NG 8R P" mean something like "King of Spain and the Indies"? What would be a more accurate translation? Thank you! "PLATO BRONCE ESCUDO HISPAN TE IND ...
5 votes
1 answer
173 views

Gadiovala / Kadiofala meaning

Ksar Sbahi (Or Ksar Sebihi) is a town in the district of Oum El Bouaki, Algeria. Under the Roman occupation, the same town held the name (Gadiovala / Kadiofala). I wonder ir someone can explain the ...
5 votes
1 answer
239 views

Shouldn't adducti in this sentence be feminine?

This is a Ceasar's sentence: Hac oratione adducti inter se fidem et ius iurandum dant et regno occupato per tres potentissimos ac firmissimos populos totius Galliae sese potiri posse sperant. Hac = ...
3 votes
1 answer
271 views

What is the exact translation of "Frusta me natum"

This is a popular Cicero's sentence from the book de Senectute, chap. 23: ita vixi ut non frusta me natum existimem whose translation is accepted as something like "I lived in such way that I ...
5 votes
2 answers
307 views

Meaning of a present participle in a verse of Vergil's Eclogue 8

I'm reading Vergil's Eclogue 8, 17–42 in the book Beginning Latin Poetry Reader by Gavin Betts and Daniel Franklin. The first verse is (I write only the long vowels macrons): Nāscere, prāēque diem ...
6 votes
2 answers
1k views

What is the latin phrase for knowing a mistake and doing it anyway

I am trying to remember a Latin quote that says something like I know I am wrong but I do it anyway. I remember reading it in a book. It's not much to go on, but if someone knows it, it will be nice ...
8 votes
1 answer
1k views

Both 'masculus' and 'vir' mean man/male: what's the difference?

In Latin, masculus means male. Noun masculus m (genitive masculī); second declension a male (of humans or other animals) In Latin, vir also means male. Noun vir m (genitive virī); second ...
3 votes
1 answer
103 views

Haud sciō an ego ita dīxerim

In the line 84 page 264 of Lingua Latine per se illustrata, Gubernātor says Haud sciō an ego ita dīxerim, sed pro­ fectō lībertās mihi vītā cārior est. ... The part I am interested is Haud sciō an ...
-1 votes
1 answer
142 views

¿Qué significa "quoniam igitur"? / What's the meaning of "quoniam igitur"?

En la pagina 262, linea 16, de Lingua latina per se illustrata, la linea empieza con Quoniam igitur ... Según el diccionario ilustrado Vox, quoniam significa puesto que o después que, y igitur ...
4 votes
1 answer
229 views

What's the meaning of "paulum satis" in this sentence?

I've found the following sentence in an exercise (pensum A) at the end of chapter XXVI of Lingua latina per se illustrata. Familia Romana: Paulum satis est ad beātē vīvendum. I don't understand the ...
2 votes
2 answers
89 views

What does Una Excelsior mean?

I'm looking for a good phrase to encapsulate "ever upward, together" and i'd like to use Una, Excelsior Any thoughts or other suggestions?
8 votes
0 answers
227 views

Quidquid vs quæcumque

Both quidquid and quæcumque are ways of translating English whatever or all things that [sth.], but is there any difference in meaning in that specific context? I have a vague notion, not based in ...
-1 votes
1 answer
162 views

What does "gallus" mean in English? [duplicate]

The scientific name of a chicken is Gallus Gallus Domesticus. What does 'gallus' mean? I think it is related to the Spanish gallo.
4 votes
1 answer
848 views

What is this word and what is it doing?

I'm reading Ανάβασις by Xenophon. Here Klearchos has basically said: "someone else might want to command at this point". ὡς δὲ τῷ ἀνδρὶ ὃν ἂν ἕλησθε πείσομαι ᾗ δυνατὸν μάλιστα, ἵνα εἰδῆτε ...
3 votes
2 answers
883 views

What's the meaning of "soli" in this sentence?

I found the following sentence in https://www.cpdl.org/wiki/index.php/Victimae_paschali_laudes: Credendum est magis soli Mariae veraci quam ... This appears to be literally translated into More ...
5 votes
1 answer
393 views

What's the role of the word "scribam" in this Cicero's sentence?

This sentence comes from a letter by Cicero to Atticus written when the former is in exile. It can be found in Epistulae ad Atticum 3, 5: Ad te quid scribam nescio. I understand that "nescio&...
2 votes
0 answers
145 views

Idiomatic translation of „lilacs“

I'm searching for an idiomatic translation of the word "lilac(s)" (the deciduous shrub), in the context of its scent. For example, in English, we may would say: She smells of lilacs. I‘d ...
5 votes
1 answer
266 views

Meaning of ἂν here?

I've read that Ανάβασις is quite a good choice for a first Ancient Greek text to read (i.e. relatively simple). This is a bilingual text from somewhere. Ἀρίστιππος δὲ ὁ Θετταλὸς ξένος ὢν ἐτύγχανεν ...
9 votes
2 answers
3k views

What does the phrase "nec non" mean? (Metamorphoses I.612-614)

In this passage from the Metamorphoses, Juno just descended from heaven onto earth to spy the whereabouts of her husband. Jupiter, having foreseen his wife's arrival, changes Io into a heifer. ...
-1 votes
1 answer
179 views

Which senses does ob have in the following words?

Oxford Latin Dictionary says that prep. ob has the following senses: ob prep. In the direction of, towards. In front of or in the way of (so as to block). a. (giving the grounds for an attitude,...
11 votes
2 answers
602 views

What does “non oportet” mean?

When verbs that recommend an action to some degree (such as should, must, ought) are negated, there are two possible interpretations: (a) the action is simply not recommended, nor anything else; or (b)...
4 votes
0 answers
139 views

Are different meanings of quam and -quam related?

In Keller's Learn to Read Latin, I found that quam has several meanings: quam is the singular feminine accusative form of qui (interrogative or relative adj, what, which) quam (interrogative or ...
4 votes
2 answers
1k views

What is the gender of the word "Haec" in Latin?

"post haec in terris visus est et cum hominibus conversatus est" I have no knowledge of Latin language. This is a verse from the Latin Vulagate bible. Most translations have this verse ...
6 votes
1 answer
844 views

Meaning of vagitus

I am trying to understand the connotation of “vagitus” before it was adopted by the English language in the 17th century: According to Etymonline, vagitus crying of a newborn child, 1650s, from Latin ...
2 votes
0 answers
69 views

How strong an equivalence does 'ut' imply?

I'm looking for a nuanced answer here about what kind of connotation 'ut' carries when being used comparatively. Does 'ut' usually have a broad meaning such as the English word 'like' or is it usually ...
14 votes
3 answers
2k views

How to use immo?

What does the word immo really mean and how can I use it? I read this and this dictionary entry, and I was left confused. Some of the uses I can understand, but some I cannot. Either I do not have ...
1 vote
1 answer
52 views

Can I say "soni sensi" for "of the felt sound"?

So "sonus" + "sentire" would be "sound" + "to feel". And "sonus" + "sensus" (past perf. part of "sentire") would be in agreement. ...
7 votes
5 answers
7k views

What is the best way to translate 'remember' into Latin?

Id like to get a tattoo saying 'remember' but translated in Latin. I have learned that the translation depends on what message it would like to convoy with 'remember'. The message id like to convey ...
16 votes
1 answer
3k views

Both "fēmina" and "mulier" mean "woman": what's the difference?

The word fēmina is used with the meaning "woman": Of human beings, a female, woman (cf.: uxor, mulier, matrona; conjux, marita) (Lewis and Short) (Fēmina also means "female" when ...
10 votes
1 answer
525 views

Is there something special about "corpus"?

Metamorphoses Book V, the story of Proserpina. At this point Ceres has just thrown some soup in an impertinent man's face and turned him into a lizard (as you do). mirantem flentemque et tangere ...
4 votes
1 answer
220 views

On a Quote from St. Gregory and the Contextual Meaning of the Word `Operator'

Contained in St. Alphonsus Liguori's Dignity and Duties of the Priest or Selva, one finds the following passage in the section on "Sanctity Necessary for the Priest": But St. Bernard says, ...
11 votes
5 answers
8k views

On the literal meaning of "in saecula saeculorum"

Literally, this phrase (found originally in the New Testament of the Vulgata) is translated as "into [the] ages of [the] ages". It's supposed to be an expression of eternity, and it's commonly ...
5 votes
2 answers
460 views

Another use of gratia as in exempli gratia

A web search tells us that e.g. stands for exempli gratia where gratia has the literal translation of “for the sake of”. Can anyone give another example from the literature where gratia has this ...
5 votes
0 answers
56 views

Why is the phrase negotiorum gestio instead of alienorum gestio?

In Law negotiorum gestio is a form of agency wherein a gestor acts on behalf and for the benefit of a principal without the latter's prior consent. For example, while you are traveling abroad, a ...
20 votes
7 answers
5k views

"Miserando atque eligendo"

There seem to be two schools of thought about the meaning of the motto on Pope Francis's coat of arms: miserando atque eligendo These words are taken from the 21st homily of the Venerable Bede, ...
10 votes
1 answer
4k views

Prae- & Ante- (before)

The prefixes prae- and ante- both have the same meaning of 'before' in place or time. Why is the existence of both words necessary?
0 votes
1 answer
114 views

How to determine when a noun is an objective genitive versus a subjective genitive?

St. Augustine writes in Soliloq. i, 10: nihil esse sentio quod magis ex arce deiiciat animum virilem quam blandimenta feminæ, corporumque ille contactus sine quo uxor haberi non potest. Is the ...
11 votes
3 answers
201 views

Are there any Latin words with sharply contrasting meanings?

The English word madam can mean A polite form of address for a woman or lady. (slang) A woman who runs a brothel, particularly one that specializes in finding prostitutes for rich and ...
7 votes
1 answer
178 views

Meaning of "Homo Rebus"

I read a literary text originally written in Portuguese, The monologue of hands by Giuseppe Ghiaroni. I can't understand this passage in Latin : O autor do "Homo Rebus" lembra que a mão foi ...
1 vote
1 answer
139 views

What would be the name for government for, from, and by

The people Shareholders The king Investors Customers Tax payers Plus explanation. From sources, I've heard that those are Democracy Metochocracy Monarchy Ependocracy Pelatarchy What? I may be wrong....
4 votes
1 answer
180 views

Is "Fantasia" a classical Latin word? What was its original meaning?

I'm indecisive as to what title to chose for a novel I finished writing. I went for a pseudo-Latin title : "Apex Fantasia" as it is a fantasy novel. But I still wonder if I can find ...
6 votes
1 answer
466 views

What does "Vírgines téneræ" mean?

I´m a native Spanish speaker and I´m reading the book "Método para aprender latín" by Hermann Schnitzler. Right now, I am doing the exercises of the lesson VI (gender of words from the third ...
59 votes
5 answers
14k views

Are "-que" and "et" equivalent?

I was taught that one can use the '-que' suffix to string together multiple words, in a similar way to putting 'et' between them. Are these two equivalent? Did one have a connotation in classical (...
10 votes
3 answers
60k views

Is my interpretation of "Ad Astra per Aspera" correct?

I came across the phrase ad astra per aspera — "to the stars through difficulties." I think I know what it means, but my interpretation appears to be at odds with others. For example: The ...
4 votes
0 answers
196 views

Has the word 'focus' ever meant 'fire' in Latin literature?

I ask this because in virtually all the Romance languages, the respective descendants simply mean fire, yet when I come across the term in classical literature specifically, it usually meant 'hearth'. ...
5 votes
3 answers
136 views

How "Park"/"square" (view image) is translated in Latin Language please?

Park, small street square, with some threes, banks and water in the middle. http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_CGOn7X3hBUU/TGbpp3dRQ5I/AAAAAAAABZk/AQ8F0yziEJg/w1200-h630-p-k-no-nu/100_5375.JPG http://www....
7 votes
2 answers
566 views

What do the words "tunc tantum" mean together?

Pope Francis tweeted on September 21st, Sermonem confero cum aliquo sincerum tunc tantum agnosco illum esse donum Dei mihique aliquid pretiosum dicturum. Here is my translation. (Credits to Keith ...
9 votes
1 answer
861 views

"Desinat in piscem" in Horace's Ars Poetica: morphology or looks or what exactly?

This is about the core meaning of desinat in piscem as in: Humano capiti ceruicem pictor equinam iungere si uelit et uarias inducere plumas undique collatis membris, ut turpiter atrum desinat ...
9 votes
2 answers
11k views

Double meaning Ex pluribus unum

Ex pluribus unum means (simplified) "From many, one", in the sense that many parts build one whole. Can I also use the phrase in the sense that from many possible solutions or things only one (the ...

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