Questions tagged [inscription]

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3 votes
2 answers
87 views

What does "in eius locum factus est" mean?

"in eius locum factus est" is an expression you see in the fasti consulares and I was wondering what it means. Thank you.
2 votes
0 answers
34 views

Latin inscription on an ara

Can anyone help with this Latin inscription on a Roman Ara found in Valencia de Alcantara Spain? modest us cal uti lari bus a v s l
7 votes
1 answer
961 views

What does „fecerunt pedes“ mean in Latin inscriptions?

I have found several inscriptions in Latin that include the phrase „fecerunt/fecit pedes“ E.g. in the Basilica Sant‘Eufemia in Grado, Italy: Martini/anus et Simplicia / cum fili/is suis / f(ecerunt) ...
8 votes
1 answer
557 views

Do we ever see mixing of B and V word-initially?

In later Latin, /b/ between vowels merged with /w/, eventually leading to forms like modern Italian avere from Latin habēre. This only happened within a word: illa bucca became Italian la bocca, not *...
4 votes
2 answers
213 views

Is the inscription "avoca te" really a novel phrase?

In this article (in Dutch) it is claimed that an ancient Roman drinking mug found during an archaeological dig in the town of Mortsel in Belgium, contains the only known instance of the Latin ...
5 votes
1 answer
281 views

Has these Umbrian words been really found written in Umbrian epichoric alphabet?

In the Cambridge Encyclopedia of the World's Ancient Languages there is chapter on the Sabellian languages written by Rex E. Wallace. This text follows the usual transliteration convention: According ...
10 votes
1 answer
670 views

Translation of building inscription regarding architect of Alcantara Bridge

The Alcantara Bridge in the Extremadura region of Spain is one of the oldest structures extant whose architect is known by name. It spans the Tagus River near the modern-day border of Spain and ...
7 votes
1 answer
318 views

Unsure as to proper translation

I am not sure as to the proper translation of the above inscription: Si tibi quos patria et virtus lape maxima fasces tradidit exilio perdidit invidia / at tua non odium non mors non tempora possunt ...
14 votes
5 answers
3k views

Saints: sanctus or divus?

I was in Bologna last week, and a couple of churches had an inscription about their dedication to a saint. To my surprise, they used the word divus instead of sanctus. For example, a church may be ...
10 votes
1 answer
2k views

Did the ancient Romans write on clay tablets?

I know that the most common writing media for the Latin language were papyrus, stone, wax and wood tablets. But, are there any clay tablets preserved to this day that are written in Latin? All I can ...
20 votes
2 answers
2k views

Are there any complete Latin inscriptions written in boustrophedon?

The Wikipedia entry for Lapis Niger mentions that the inscription was written in boustrophedon, alternating reading direction between every line. This inscription is far from complete. Are there Latin ...
9 votes
3 answers
917 views

Understanding the spelling deviation from the scripture in the title of a sundial nearby a Catholic church in Moscow

In Moscow, nearby the Church of St. Louis of the French, a parish church of the French Catholic community in Moscow, embedded into the wall of the building that back in the day was the church’s ...
7 votes
3 answers
5k views

How to parse "Dis Manibus" syntactically?

Almost everyone who has ever seen a Roman grave inscription has seen the phrase Dis Manibus or its abbreviation DM. It starts almost every Roman tombstone I have seen. I know it means "to/for the ...
5 votes
3 answers
1k views

Translation of very old tombstone

I'm trying to figure out writing on one very old tombstone that I found near church. The text has some abbreviations so I'm having hard time figuring out which word is being hidden behind ...
8 votes
1 answer
550 views

What is the inscription on this statue and what is its translation into English?

The picture below shows a statue with inscription in Latin. The statue is situated in Malbork Castle, Poland. I can read Bethlehem, and Google Translate tells me that in millibus means "in ...
8 votes
1 answer
402 views

Translation of Scottish 16th century church stained glass

This piece of stained glass (about 500mm x 400mm) is in our house but came from our adjoining castle. I think it came from a since ruined church on the same site. Anyone know what it means?
7 votes
2 answers
887 views

J in ancients inscriptions

Is the letter J used in ancient Roman inscriptions of (roughly) the classical era? If yes, in what kinds of contexts? I am under the impression that using I for vowels and J for consonants is a ...
15 votes
1 answer
2k views

Abbreviations used by Romans in their inscriptions

While watching a documentary, I came across this Roman tombstone of three Jewish freedmen (below is the image): The expanded transcription available online is, L(ucius) Valerius L(uci) l(ibertus) ...
7 votes
2 answers
489 views

Translation of devom

I'm looking to find the translation of devom. I have looked for a translation online and in dictionaries and come up empty. In Arthur Machen's The Great God Pan he quotes an inscription: DEVOMNODENTi ...
10 votes
2 answers
1k views

Marsupial blackletter difficulty

I believe I have all of this except one word (please correct any errors): Reperitur hic animal habens reserva_____ quo suos pullos secum portat et eos uon nisi lactandi tempore emittit. Tale regi ...
10 votes
2 answers
3k views

Meaning of "SEVERA INDEOVI VAS" from 3rd Century slab

Can someone explain the meaning of the words "SEVERA INDEOVI VAS" on this slab: According to https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Depiction_of_Jesus, the above image is of an "Incised sarcophagus slab with ...
3 votes
1 answer
134 views

Can I conclude something about pronunciation from I/J and U/V variation?

I reread the inscription in this question about the abbreviation D. O. M. dated to 1749: The variation between I and J caught my eye. It seems to me that: J is used in all consonantal positions. J ...
6 votes
1 answer
258 views

When/where was <FH> used for /f/?

It's generally accepted that the oldest Latin inscription is on the Praenestine Fibula: MANIOS MED FHE FHAKED NUMASIOI The verb here seems to be an old reduplicated perfect of faciō, equivalent to ...
13 votes
2 answers
2k views

What does this damaged inscription in a church say?

I've been sent the following photo of an inscription in a Unitarian church. As best I can tell, it says: Templum hoc [re]novat[u]m est […]eribus denuo et inte[g]re[?] regnante serenissimo dono ...
3 votes
2 answers
300 views

Latin words over this door?

We took our son to college and this was written over one of the doors on campus. I cannot figure out what it means! Can anyone here help? I assume it is Latin, but...
7 votes
1 answer
4k views

In memoriam: why not "in memoria"?

Consider this usual example of Latin+English: As Wiktionary states, in memoriam literally means "into memory" (memoriam is in accusative case). However, as Wiktionary (above) and Wikipedia state, the ...
7 votes
2 answers
189 views

Are there attested prohibition signs?

Are there preserved inscriptions or other such texts from ancient Rome that contain a prohibition? I would prefer original signs that have survived, but mentions in the literature are also interesting....
4 votes
1 answer
230 views

Can anyone translate this old headstone from Germany?

This is the text that I can see. Hopefully you will be able to view the image if I can add it. I've tried various translation sites but nothing is really working. I could makes guesses but I'm very ...
7 votes
3 answers
944 views

What do "KAL." and "A.S." stand for in this inscription?

The inscription below has this line: MORTUO XV KAL. OCT. A.S. MDCCCLVII I'm not sure what KAL. nor A.S. stand for. The source of the image states that the person died the 17th of September. The ...
6 votes
1 answer
296 views

What dialect are the Antikythera Mechanism inscriptions in?

The Antikythera Mechanism is an early analogue computer, discovered in a Roman shipwreck off the coast of Antikythera. It was ridiculously advanced for its time, being able to calculate eclipses, ...
8 votes
2 answers
1k views

What is this letter?

I came across this picture attached to a clickbaity article this morning: A nice, normal-looking Greek alphabet…except for something that looks like S in between epsilon and zeta. What is this ...
2 votes
4 answers
228 views

Meaning of "peregrinantis desideriumanobis ocasio"

I saw the sentence "peregrinantis desideriumanobis ocasio" on an wall in a prison, and I wonder what's its meaning? I'm not sure if there's any space missing (it was hard to read).
8 votes
1 answer
285 views

How to translate this plaque about John Duns Scotus?

The following is a plaque in commemoration of the 700th anniversary of the birth of John Duns Scotus: (Source of image here) In text (missing some details like interpuncts and ligatures): ...
8 votes
1 answer
2k views

Understanding a reference to Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum

On page 33 of Companion Animals & Us, there is a line: I am in tears, while carrying you to your last resting place as much as I rejoiced when bringing you home in my own hands fifteen years ...
4 votes
2 answers
627 views

Need help translating a 16th century inscription

The following inscription is on a flagstone in the wall of Schloss Bühl, a 16th century chateau in southern Germany. It was built by David vom Stain ("David from the Stone"), who is named in the text. ...
7 votes
1 answer
260 views

Scanning the inscription of The Classical High School of Tampere

I strolled around Tampere today, and I noticed an inscription in the wall of The Classical High School of Tampere: FENNIA VOS GENUIT GREMIO VOS INTIMA FOVIT. ARBORIS AUSCULTET MURMURA QUISQUE ...
5 votes
2 answers
7k views

Abbreviation "D. O. M." on tombstones

To finish my Maltese question series before boarding a plane off the island, here is another question about Latin inscriptions in tombstones in St. John's co-cathedral at Valletta. In many tombs, ...
4 votes
1 answer
232 views

Heic instead of hic in a Maltese tomb

Continuing my series of questions about Malta (locative vs. in and monumentum/monimentum), I would like to ask about an inscription I saw in St. John's co-cathedral in Valletta. The floor was tiled ...
10 votes
1 answer
1k views

How to search Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum for words?

Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum (CIL) is a large corpus of Latin inscriptions. The Wikipedia page contains some links, but none of the tools linked there seem to allow me to make a text search. For ...
6 votes
1 answer
238 views

What does D.D.P. mean in this inscription? (see image)

I think I got the rest of the inscription figured out. It is a dedication to Marcus Aurelius. But what does the last abbreviation, D.D.P., stand for? The inscription is from a statue base in Caserma ...
4 votes
1 answer
196 views

How did the popularities of Roman given names evolve over time?

When a new Roman was born, the parents would give their child a name (praenomen). Since there is a significant number of known names, there must have been variations in their relative popularities ...
2 votes
2 answers
370 views

Origin and explanation of memoriae

For an assignment, I have been translating several Latin inscription (on tombstones) from 400–600 AD and one phrase that occurs quite often is memoriae (sometimes with an adjective such as ...
4 votes
1 answer
254 views

(Greek) Stylized Alpha

Are those triangular tripods merely highly stylised Alpha's? Or are they Alpha-Upsilon digraphs? (Sorry, the websites didn't give the explanation of where the photos were taken.)
8 votes
1 answer
686 views

What does 'ANGLORUM REGIS QUI COR LEONIS DICTUS' mean?

In the cathedral of Rouen I visited the grave of Richard I the Lionheart. It has an inscription: ANGLORVM REGIS QVI COR LEONIS DICTVS So what is the best translation? King of England, who ruled ...
7 votes
1 answer
152 views

Uncommon latin year inscription

I found two inscriptions on a building in central Italy (both in Latin). The first one describes how two guys with lots of titles decided to erect the building and it ends with a commonly seen A.D. ...
13 votes
1 answer
2k views

What is the name of the separator dots between the words?

Consider the following photo of the Westminster Cathedral: What are those separator-dots called? I see them on many inscriptions. Why is it there?
6 votes
1 answer
887 views

What is the correct meaning of "Disciplina sollerti fingitur ingenium"?

This is the motto inscription placed above the entrance to an old elementary school which was build in the year 1816. I presume it can mean something like: With great effort, the spirit is ...
7 votes
1 answer
2k views

Inscriptions in statues along Via dei Fori Imperiali

I am interested in a couple of statues in Rome. They are on the north side of Via dei Fori Imperiali, between Via Cavour and Piazza Venezia. If my memory serves me well, they are of key figures in ...
11 votes
2 answers
161 views

Are there any instances of long oblique cases of Iuppiter?

The name Iuppiter is declined weirdly. It has otherwise regular third declension endings with the stem Iov-, but the nominative comes with the suffix -pater, producing Iuppiter. At least this is what ...
6 votes
0 answers
102 views

A stone with the incomplete inscription "IH", how old is it?

I have this stone with the incomplete inscription "IH". I think it could be the IHS Christogram but I am not sure. The height of the fragment is about 10cm, the material seems terracotta. The stone ...