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Deciphering a banderole in Master Francke's "Nativity"

What is the text coming from Mary's mouth in this altarpiece by Master Francke? According to one source I found, the text says Dominus meus, Deus meus (my Lord, my God). But the third word in the ...
Doubt's user avatar
  • 427
3 votes
0 answers
89 views

Help with inscription

The following is part of an inscription in the wine cellar of a private residence in Tuscany which dates back to 1573. The rest of the inscription is in Latin and easily translated but would like to ...
Berks103's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
91 views

What does "in eius locum factus est" mean?

"in eius locum factus est" is an expression you see in the fasti consulares and I was wondering what it means. Thank you.
Vincent Lille's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
34 views

Latin inscription on an ara

Can anyone help with this Latin inscription on a Roman Ara found in Valencia de Alcantara Spain? modest us cal uti lari bus a v s l
Spencer Lewis's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
974 views

What does „fecerunt pedes“ mean in Latin inscriptions?

I have found several inscriptions in Latin that include the phrase „fecerunt/fecit pedes“ E.g. in the Basilica Sant‘Eufemia in Grado, Italy: Martini/anus et Simplicia / cum fili/is suis / f(ecerunt) ...
Samuelis Grisseldis's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
559 views

Do we ever see mixing of B and V word-initially?

In later Latin, /b/ between vowels merged with /w/, eventually leading to forms like modern Italian avere from Latin habēre. This only happened within a word: illa bucca became Italian la bocca, not *...
Draconis's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
214 views

Is the inscription "avoca te" really a novel phrase?

In this article (in Dutch) it is claimed that an ancient Roman drinking mug found during an archaeological dig in the town of Mortsel in Belgium, contains the only known instance of the Latin ...
Latino's user avatar
  • 43
5 votes
1 answer
281 views

Has these Umbrian words been really found written in Umbrian epichoric alphabet?

In the Cambridge Encyclopedia of the World's Ancient Languages there is chapter on the Sabellian languages written by Rex E. Wallace. This text follows the usual transliteration convention: According ...
Charo's user avatar
  • 2,092
7 votes
1 answer
319 views

Unsure as to proper translation

I am not sure as to the proper translation of the above inscription: Si tibi quos patria et virtus lape maxima fasces tradidit exilio perdidit invidia / at tua non odium non mors non tempora possunt ...
user67637's user avatar
  • 314
10 votes
1 answer
2k views

Did the ancient Romans write on clay tablets?

I know that the most common writing media for the Latin language were papyrus, stone, wax and wood tablets. But, are there any clay tablets preserved to this day that are written in Latin? All I can ...
SOMEONE's user avatar
  • 101
9 votes
3 answers
918 views

Understanding the spelling deviation from the scripture in the title of a sundial nearby a Catholic church in Moscow

In Moscow, nearby the Church of St. Louis of the French, a parish church of the French Catholic community in Moscow, embedded into the wall of the building that back in the day was the church’s ...
ib.'s user avatar
  • 193
10 votes
1 answer
681 views

Translation of building inscription regarding architect of Alcantara Bridge

The Alcantara Bridge in the Extremadura region of Spain is one of the oldest structures extant whose architect is known by name. It spans the Tagus River near the modern-day border of Spain and ...
njuffa's user avatar
  • 478
5 votes
3 answers
1k views

Translation of very old tombstone

I'm trying to figure out writing on one very old tombstone that I found near church. The text has some abbreviations so I'm having hard time figuring out which word is being hidden behind ...
TheBeardWithoutKnowledge's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
555 views

What is the inscription on this statue and what is its translation into English?

The picture below shows a statue with inscription in Latin. The statue is situated in Malbork Castle, Poland. I can read Bethlehem, and Google Translate tells me that in millibus means "in ...
chasly - supports Monica's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
888 views

J in ancients inscriptions

Is the letter J used in ancient Roman inscriptions of (roughly) the classical era? If yes, in what kinds of contexts? I am under the impression that using I for vowels and J for consonants is a ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
15 votes
1 answer
2k views

Abbreviations used by Romans in their inscriptions

While watching a documentary, I came across this Roman tombstone of three Jewish freedmen (below is the image): The expanded transcription available online is, L(ucius) Valerius L(uci) l(ibertus) ...
CCCC's user avatar
  • 307
7 votes
2 answers
493 views

Translation of devom

I'm looking to find the translation of devom. I have looked for a translation online and in dictionaries and come up empty. In Arthur Machen's The Great God Pan he quotes an inscription: DEVOMNODENTi ...
Aaron Gullison's user avatar
10 votes
2 answers
1k views

Marsupial blackletter difficulty

I believe I have all of this except one word (please correct any errors): Reperitur hic animal habens reserva_____ quo suos pullos secum portat et eos uon nisi lactandi tempore emittit. Tale regi ...
Mapprehension's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
136 views

Can I conclude something about pronunciation from I/J and U/V variation?

I reread the inscription in this question about the abbreviation D. O. M. dated to 1749: The variation between I and J caught my eye. It seems to me that: J is used in all consonantal positions. J ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
263 views

When/where was <FH> used for /f/?

It's generally accepted that the oldest Latin inscription is on the Praenestine Fibula: MANIOS MED FHE FHAKED NUMASIOI The verb here seems to be an old reduplicated perfect of faciō, equivalent to ...
Draconis's user avatar
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13 votes
2 answers
2k views

What does this damaged inscription in a church say?

I've been sent the following photo of an inscription in a Unitarian church. As best I can tell, it says: Templum hoc [re]novat[u]m est […]eribus denuo et inte[g]re[?] regnante serenissimo dono ...
Draconis's user avatar
  • 67.6k
3 votes
2 answers
307 views

Latin words over this door?

We took our son to college and this was written over one of the doors on campus. I cannot figure out what it means! Can anyone here help? I assume it is Latin, but...
jsmolarz's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
4k views

In memoriam: why not "in memoria"?

Consider this usual example of Latin+English: As Wiktionary states, in memoriam literally means "into memory" (memoriam is in accusative case). However, as Wiktionary (above) and Wikipedia state, the ...
luchonacho's user avatar
  • 12.4k
4 votes
1 answer
231 views

Can anyone translate this old headstone from Germany?

This is the text that I can see. Hopefully you will be able to view the image if I can add it. I've tried various translation sites but nothing is really working. I could makes guesses but I'm very ...
user avatar
7 votes
3 answers
948 views

What do "KAL." and "A.S." stand for in this inscription?

The inscription below has this line: MORTUO XV KAL. OCT. A.S. MDCCCLVII I'm not sure what KAL. nor A.S. stand for. The source of the image states that the person died the 17th of September. The ...
luchonacho's user avatar
  • 12.4k
6 votes
1 answer
301 views

What dialect are the Antikythera Mechanism inscriptions in?

The Antikythera Mechanism is an early analogue computer, discovered in a Roman shipwreck off the coast of Antikythera. It was ridiculously advanced for its time, being able to calculate eclipses, ...
Draconis's user avatar
  • 67.6k
8 votes
1 answer
402 views

Translation of Scottish 16th century church stained glass

This piece of stained glass (about 500mm x 400mm) is in our house but came from our adjoining castle. I think it came from a since ruined church on the same site. Anyone know what it means?
Robbie Beaton's user avatar
10 votes
2 answers
3k views

Meaning of "SEVERA INDEOVI VAS" from 3rd Century slab

Can someone explain the meaning of the words "SEVERA INDEOVI VAS" on this slab: According to https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Depiction_of_Jesus, the above image is of an "Incised sarcophagus slab with ...
Sacha T Red's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
1k views

What is this letter?

I came across this picture attached to a clickbaity article this morning: A nice, normal-looking Greek alphabet…except for something that looks like S in between epsilon and zeta. What is this ...
Draconis's user avatar
  • 67.6k
8 votes
1 answer
2k views

Understanding a reference to Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum

On page 33 of Companion Animals & Us, there is a line: I am in tears, while carrying you to your last resting place as much as I rejoiced when bringing you home in my own hands fifteen years ...
Morgoth's user avatar
  • 237
4 votes
2 answers
628 views

Need help translating a 16th century inscription

The following inscription is on a flagstone in the wall of Schloss Bühl, a 16th century chateau in southern Germany. It was built by David vom Stain ("David from the Stone"), who is named in the text. ...
user3039's user avatar
14 votes
5 answers
3k views

Saints: sanctus or divus?

I was in Bologna last week, and a couple of churches had an inscription about their dedication to a saint. To my surprise, they used the word divus instead of sanctus. For example, a church may be ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
7k views

Abbreviation "D. O. M." on tombstones

To finish my Maltese question series before boarding a plane off the island, here is another question about Latin inscriptions in tombstones in St. John's co-cathedral at Valletta. In many tombs, ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
237 views

Heic instead of hic in a Maltese tomb

Continuing my series of questions about Malta (locative vs. in and monumentum/monimentum), I would like to ask about an inscription I saw in St. John's co-cathedral in Valletta. The floor was tiled ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
245 views

What does D.D.P. mean in this inscription? (see image)

I think I got the rest of the inscription figured out. It is a dedication to Marcus Aurelius. But what does the last abbreviation, D.D.P., stand for? The inscription is from a statue base in Caserma ...
Lisa Wilson Ravn's user avatar
2 votes
4 answers
228 views

Meaning of "peregrinantis desideriumanobis ocasio"

I saw the sentence "peregrinantis desideriumanobis ocasio" on an wall in a prison, and I wonder what's its meaning? I'm not sure if there's any space missing (it was hard to read).
pedrorijo91's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
197 views

How did the popularities of Roman given names evolve over time?

When a new Roman was born, the parents would give their child a name (praenomen). Since there is a significant number of known names, there must have been variations in their relative popularities ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
376 views

Origin and explanation of memoriae

For an assignment, I have been translating several Latin inscription (on tombstones) from 400–600 AD and one phrase that occurs quite often is memoriae (sometimes with an adjective such as ...
Yadeses's user avatar
  • 1,105
4 votes
1 answer
256 views

(Greek) Stylized Alpha

Are those triangular tripods merely highly stylised Alpha's? Or are they Alpha-Upsilon digraphs? (Sorry, the websites didn't give the explanation of where the photos were taken.)
Johan88's user avatar
  • 1,095
7 votes
3 answers
5k views

How to parse "Dis Manibus" syntactically?

Almost everyone who has ever seen a Roman grave inscription has seen the phrase Dis Manibus or its abbreviation DM. It starts almost every Roman tombstone I have seen. I know it means "to/for the ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
154 views

Uncommon latin year inscription

I found two inscriptions on a building in central Italy (both in Latin). The first one describes how two guys with lots of titles decided to erect the building and it ends with a commonly seen A.D. ...
John Donne's user avatar
13 votes
1 answer
2k views

What is the name of the separator dots between the words?

Consider the following photo of the Westminster Cathedral: What are those separator-dots called? I see them on many inscriptions. Why is it there?
Kees C. Bakker's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
706 views

What does 'ANGLORUM REGIS QUI COR LEONIS DICTUS' mean?

In the cathedral of Rouen I visited the grave of Richard I the Lionheart. It has an inscription: ANGLORVM REGIS QVI COR LEONIS DICTVS So what is the best translation? King of England, who ruled ...
Kees C. Bakker's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
191 views

Are there attested prohibition signs?

Are there preserved inscriptions or other such texts from ancient Rome that contain a prohibition? I would prefer original signs that have survived, but mentions in the literature are also interesting....
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
10 votes
1 answer
1k views

How to search Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum for words?

Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum (CIL) is a large corpus of Latin inscriptions. The Wikipedia page contains some links, but none of the tools linked there seem to allow me to make a text search. For ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
902 views

What is the correct meaning of "Disciplina sollerti fingitur ingenium"?

This is the motto inscription placed above the entrance to an old elementary school which was build in the year 1816. I presume it can mean something like: With great effort, the spirit is ...
MOLAP's user avatar
  • 527
8 votes
1 answer
285 views

How to translate this plaque about John Duns Scotus?

The following is a plaque in commemoration of the 700th anniversary of the birth of John Duns Scotus: (Source of image here) In text (missing some details like interpuncts and ligatures): ...
luchonacho's user avatar
  • 12.4k
7 votes
1 answer
260 views

Scanning the inscription of The Classical High School of Tampere

I strolled around Tampere today, and I noticed an inscription in the wall of The Classical High School of Tampere: FENNIA VOS GENUIT GREMIO VOS INTIMA FOVIT. ARBORIS AUSCULTET MURMURA QUISQUE ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
6 votes
0 answers
102 views

A stone with the incomplete inscription "IH", how old is it?

I have this stone with the incomplete inscription "IH". I think it could be the IHS Christogram but I am not sure. The height of the fragment is about 10cm, the material seems terracotta. The stone ...
Alessandro Jacopson's user avatar
11 votes
2 answers
161 views

Are there any instances of long oblique cases of Iuppiter?

The name Iuppiter is declined weirdly. It has otherwise regular third declension endings with the stem Iov-, but the nominative comes with the suffix -pater, producing Iuppiter. At least this is what ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar