Questions tagged [grammar-choice]

When asking which choice (case, tense, mood etc.) is grammatical in a given situation, use this tag.

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Do we ever see the enclitic -ne multiple times in a clause?

My understanding of the -ne enclitic is that it's usually attached to whichever element is in question, or whichever element is most emphasized. For example, mē-ne amat is emphasizing the object (...
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Can we add the suffix ne to hortatory/jussive subjunctive?

The Hortatory Subjunctive in the first person is a polite way to urge/ask someone to do something: eamus: let's go!. I wonder if it is possible to add -ne to this subjunctive creating even-weaker ...
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Present vs. perfect tense in potential conditions

Potential conditions, in the English speaking world also known under the name “future less vivid” (for a critique of that particular term, see here), are conditional sentences that talk about supposed ...
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7 votes
1 answer
181 views

Ablative of Description in Cicero

I am reading Cicero, Against Verres, II.4.95, and I want to translate: Nemo Agrigenti neque aetate tam affecta neque viribus tam infirmis fuit qui ... I am reading aetate tam affecta and viribus tam ...
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6 votes
1 answer
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How is the number for a year read?

In many texts, years are written in Roman or Arabic numerals like MMIV for 2004. Should I read them cardinally or ordinally? Is there any evidence for the way to read?
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12 votes
1 answer
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When should nūllus be singular vs plural?

“Nūllus” indicates a quantity of zero, so it's not obvious if it should be plural or singular, and I have seen examples of both, but I am unsure what the choice should be based on. The first pair of ...
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How to say a prayer in latin grammaticaly?

Magic, for practical all of history, was the invocation of a spirit. This is true of religion. In the old testament, there are implications that other divine beings exist (e.x. "you shall have no ...
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Are dative personal pronouns more commonly used than adjectives or genitive personal pronouns?

I'm currently reading through Latin Via Ovid, and the dative of personal pronouns was introduced with some common phrases: Quid nomen tibi est? What is the name to you / What is your name? Nomen ...
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Can the gerund be plural

Using the Collatinus conjugator there isn't a form for plural gerund, but there is for the gerundive since the gerundive acts like an adjective. I therefore always assumed that gerunds are never ...
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Satis est: de quadam re aut cuiusdam rei?

"Satis est!" significare potest aliquid sufficere vel ob quandam causam saturatum esse ("Iam satis est! Tace!"), ut Anglice dicitur "enough!". Si autem causa exponenda ...
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Don't pay the ferryman, until ... future perfect?

Recently I read that Charon was a portitor, i.e., a ferryman. This got me thinking about the phrase "Don't pay the ferryman until he gets you to the other side" (Chris de Burgh, 1982) and ...
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How would you express 'drained of' in Latin?

I'm trying to translate the phrase 'drained of' in Latin, for example in the sentence 'I have been drained of all my energy'. All of the words for draining which I have found work more in the sense of ...
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Preposition preceding a verb [duplicate]

i came across this sentence in Orberg's book: "Quid inest in saccis?" Or "Ecce iulius ad villam advenit." My question is that why there are aditional prepositions, namely another &...
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Can two nouns be used together as a single unit in Latin?

In French, especially in philosophy and mathematics, it is quite common [1] to use two nouns with a hyphen for certain concepts in order to distinguish between several definitions of the same word. ...
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Could you review my translation? [duplicate]

The original song lyrics I'm translating can be found here:https://genius.com/Avicii-city-lights-lyrics This is how I translated it. Could you help me improve it, please? Lūcēs urbis, tollite mē. Iam ...
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10 votes
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“Hic” or “hīc”?

The pronoun hic (this) is written with short i in many places, e.g. Oxford Latin Dictionary. But in Lewis & Short: Latin-English dictionary and Allen and Greenough's New Latin Grammar, it is ...
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4 votes
2 answers
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If you do something long enough

In my answer to this recent question, I translated "when you look long into the abyss, the abyss also looks into you" as: si diu voraginem intuitus eris, etiam vorago te intuebitur. That is, ...
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What is the correct way to show the Passive Perfect Infinitive in a textbook?

I have come across the Passive Perfect Infinitive and my current textbook represents it as a nomative participle + esse (e.g. salutatus esse). However on the internet I mostly see it represented as an ...
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Why is the neuter perniciosius used in this sentence?

In Confessions (1.18.29), Augustine writes: quasi vero quemlibet inimicum hominem perniciosius sentiat quam ipsum odium quo in eum inritatur, aut vastet quisquam persequendo alium gravius quam cor ...
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6 votes
1 answer
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Short form for "collige, virgo, rosas"

I've never studied Latin, so probably I'm asking a trivial question. I'm wondering if the phrase "collige, virgo, rosas" can be expressed correctly in the following short form "collige ...
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It was by no means in vain that I came to Rome

I wanted to ask this some time ago, but assumed that it would be dismissed as "fatuous". To my gratification, Joonas has blazed the trail with his excellent Q: Did the Romans use 'animus&...
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Is it possible to have an imperative feel without using the imperative form of a verb?

In English, we can have a sentence that doesn't include a verb but is taken as a directive. Consider the following phrase from the HBO television show, Carnivale: Every prophet in his house. In the ...
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4 votes
2 answers
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'Concepturus' and 'nasciturus' in legal terminology

When speaking of the rights of and refering to the one to be conceived in Law we use "concepturus" Which is the future active participle. If we wanted to correctly speak of and refer to the ...
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5 votes
2 answers
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How are the objects of comparatives handled grammatically?

I am doing some Latin exercises and the sentences are given as the following (by Rosetta Stone): Puer plus lactis habet quam vir. Femina plures canes habet quam vir. In the first case ("more ...
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Which preposition should be used with contrario and why?

Is it better to say argumentum a/ab contrario or e/ex contrario? It seems that both are acceptable but in most Romance languages it is a contrario. The movement out/from is not clear/explicit/graphic ...
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6 votes
1 answer
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Caesar's use of 'ad equum'

Caesar uses 'ad equum' to mean 'turning them into horses'. This is a famous quote used in OLD itself. Is this an idiom? There is no reference to 'converso' or 'mutatum'... just 'ad' although habiturum ...
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2 votes
0 answers
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How would you describe someone as being completely alone?

If I wanted a very succinct way to say some person or thing was completely alone, how would I say this in Classical Latin? For example, if someone was drifting far out in the void of space where they ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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What is the Role of "hoc" in Cicero's de oratore 2.25.108?

In Q: Why Does Cicero use the Third-Person Singular Instead of the Plural Form?, the following extract from Cicero's de oratore 2.25.108 was studied: "...in quibus hoc praecipit ratio et ...
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9 votes
1 answer
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Plural of axis mundi

The phrase axis mundi is used frequently in archaeology and art history to describe certain places as a "world center" or "center of the universe" in Indigenous or ancient/...
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2 answers
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how to express "indefinite distributive numerals" ("several dollars each")? is aliquoteni classical?

In answer to the question Quotiens? (How many times), one can respond with aliquotiens (several times). But for the question Quoteni? (How many of each), can he come up with aliquoteni? For I can't ...
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A Latin motto for SpaceX

Jeff Bezos company Blue Origin has a motto “Gradatim Ferociter” or Step by Step Ferociously, although they seem to take a very long time to do anything. Elon Musk also runs a rocket company (SpaceX). ...
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1 answer
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What is the closest translation of "commeruero" to English?

My working understanding is best expressed as "I will have fully earned", with "commeruero" being the first-person singular future perfect active indicative form of commereo. If I ...
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8 votes
1 answer
728 views

Writing "I'm proud of myself"

I came up with "mihi superbus sum" with "mihi" as the Dative form of ego for "of myself", "superbus" for "proud", and "sum" for "I'm&...
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How to say "no one is worth to be believed (to) easily" with dignus+ supine?

The u-supine can connect with dignus like: Nihil dignum dictu actum his consulibus (Livy; nothing worth saying/of mentioning was done ..) But when I tried to use this pattern to say: "No one is ...
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7 votes
1 answer
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Is the word order of "Iura novit curia" used for emphasis?

Is the change in the word order used for emphasis, and how would we translate "iura novit curia" to English while maintaining the word order? We don't have cases and there is the danger of ...
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11 votes
1 answer
1k views

Which is more correct, "status quo" or "statu quo"?

I always heard and read the expression "status quo" but I just found the alternative spelling "statu quo" in the Italian translation of Motivational Interviewing by Miller e ...
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8 votes
3 answers
880 views

Why is Thesaurus Musicarum Latinarum in the feminine?

I often consult a website called Thesaurus Musicarum Latinarum of Latin writings on music theory and practice. Note that the web address changes every couple of years. Why "musicarum latinarum&...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Is there a general method for creating an adjective from a noun?

In an answer to making an adjective from a noun, Joonas mentions that creating adjectives from nouns is not a trivial matter and gives a solution to making an adjective out of chicken for an ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Verb + dative/ablative-supine

According to A&G, the ablative supine with verbs is "extremely rare" and even the example given: pudet dictu is somewhat not regular since pudet is impersonal (as if it is almost an ...
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7 votes
3 answers
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Adapting Cato's motto for today

I need some help with the grammar here, I'm interested in learning Latin so I have been lurking around here for a bit, but I haven't really started, yet. (Well, I have had a couple of false starts). I ...
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0 answers
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How to express shared ownership of several individuals

The distinction between shared ownership and private ownership of individuals is well illustrated in Dreyer's English: An Utterly Correct Guide to Clarity and Style: If Jeanette has some pencils and ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Which Case is Governed by Verb Obsto/ Obstare?

Continuing from Q: What is the Role of "Quid" in "ne quid obstet"?, with Livius (9.8.6): "ne quid divini humanive obstet quominus iustum piumque de integro ineatur bellum.&...
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7 votes
3 answers
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Difference between future participle and simple future

They say taking a walk over a cemetery inspires you to ponder the big questions. I have definitely found that to be true, as I recently came across this inscription on a local graveyard: According to ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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What is the present participle of fio?

Horace wrote the line brevis esse laboro, obscurus fio in De Arte Poetica Liber. I want to use the latter half of the phrase, obscurus fio, as a song title but I'd like it to be in the form of I am ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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How do you say something is "in flux" in Classical Latin?

In English we have in flux, which you can use to say that something is in a state of change. How do you use an adjective that way in Latin? Could you use fluxus in ablative/accusative case with the ...
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8 votes
3 answers
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What type of purpose clause for specifying a substantive gerundive

When using a substantive gerundive, what form would a specifying purpose clause take? For instance: "things to be used for fighting," I would use a gerundive (utenda) and then what? A dative ...
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3 votes
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What are the Roles of "Quin" and "Sit" in "fieri non potest quin sit"?

In the question on Sherlockian logic, Batavulus, in his answer gave an alternative translation of the clause "it must be believed"/ "one must believe it", which is: "fieri ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Is this a proper construction?

I am nearly certain that this is off-topic for being too specific, but I have no idea where else on the wide internet to even go. SPLENDIDIS MENS MEA Affectionately written on a piece of jewelry, ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Ubi jus ibi remedium

I am trying to make sense of the phrase ubi jus ibi remedium. It seems incomplete, and I feel I should add two verbs and something to separate the two sentences, for example: Ubi jus est, ibi est ...
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6 votes
1 answer
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How do you say "feed on (something)" in Latin

Not the most experienced in Latin, so this may seem redundant to most, but I'm trying to figure out how to say "to feed on (something)". I'm assuming I just change the case of the object ...
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