Questions tagged [grammar-choice]

When asking which choice (case, tense, mood etc.) is grammatical in a given situation, use this tag.

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1answer
57 views

What is the Role of “hoc” in Cicero's “de Oratore” (2.25.108)?

In Q: Why Does Cicero use the Third-Person Singular Instead of the Plural Form?, the following extract from Civero's "de Oratore" (2.25.108) was studied: "...in quibus hoc praecipit ...
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381 views

Plural of axis mundi

The phrase axis mundi is used frequently in archaeology and art history to describe certain places as a "world center" or "center of the universe" in Indigenous or ancient/...
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how to express “indefinite distributive numerals” (“several dollars each”)? is aliquoteni classical?

In answer to the question Quotiens? (How many times), one can respond with aliquotiens (several times). But for the question Quoteni? (How many of each), can he come up with aliquoteni? For I can't ...
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2answers
493 views

A Latin motto for SpaceX

Jeff Bezos company Blue Origin has a motto “Gradatim Ferociter” or Step by Step Ferociously, although they seem to take a very long time to do anything. Elon Musk also runs a rocket company (SpaceX). ...
4
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1answer
62 views

What is the closest translation of “commeruero” to English?

My working understanding is best expressed as "I will have fully earned", with "commeruero" being the first-person singular future perfect active indicative form of commereo. If I ...
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1answer
699 views

Writing “I'm proud of myself”

I came up with "mihi superbus sum" with "mihi" as the Dative form of ego for "of myself", "superbus" for "proud", and "sum" for "I'm&...
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How to say “no one is worth to be believed (to) easily” with dignus+ supine?

The u-supine can connect with dignus like: Nihil dignum dictu actum his consulibus (Livy; nothing worth saying/of mentioning was done ..) But when I tried to use this pattern to say: "No one is ...
7
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1answer
314 views

Is the word order of “Iura novit curia” used for emphasis?

Is the change in the word order used for emphasis, and how would we translate "iura novit curia" to English while maintaining the word order? We don't have cases and there is the danger of ...
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671 views

Which is more correct, “status quo” or “statu quo”?

I always heard and read the expression "status quo" but I just found the alternative spelling "statu quo" in the Italian translation of Motivational Interviewing by Miller e ...
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3answers
859 views

Why is Thesaurus Musicarum Latinarum in the feminine?

I often consult a website called Thesaurus Musicarum Latinarum of Latin writings on music theory and practice. Note that the web address changes every couple of years. Why "musicarum latinarum&...
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66 views

Is there a general method for creating an adjective from a noun?

In an answer to making an adjective from a noun, Joonas mentions that creating adjectives from nouns is not a trivial matter and gives a solution to making an adjective out of chicken for an ...
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Verb + dative/ablative-supine

According to A&G, the ablative supine with verbs is "extremely rare" and even the example given: pudet dictu is somewhat not regular since pudet is impersonal (as if it is almost an ...
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610 views

Adapting Cato's motto for today

I need some help with the grammar here, I'm interested in learning Latin so I have been lurking around here for a bit, but I haven't really started, yet. (Well, I have had a couple of false starts). I ...
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61 views

How to express shared ownership of several individuals

The distinction between shared ownership and private ownership of individuals is well illustrated in Dreyer's English: An Utterly Correct Guide to Clarity and Style: If Jeanette has some pencils and ...
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1answer
69 views

Which Case is Governed by Verb Obsto/ Obstare?

Continuing from Q: What is the Role of "Quid" in "ne quid obstet"?, with Livius (9.8.6): "ne quid divini humanive obstet quominus iustum piumque de integro ineatur bellum.&...
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3answers
584 views

Difference between future participle and simple future

They say taking a walk over a cemetery inspires you to ponder the big questions. I have definitely found that to be true, as I recently came across this inscription on a local graveyard: According to ...
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115 views

What is the present participle of fio?

Horace wrote the line brevis esse laboro, obscurus fio in De Arte Poetica Liber. I want to use the latter half of the phrase, obscurus fio, as a song title but I'd like it to be in the form of I am ...
3
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1answer
92 views

How do you say something is “in flux” in Classical Latin?

In English we have in flux, which you can use to say that something is in a state of change. How do you use an adjective that way in Latin? Could you use fluxus in ablative/accusative case with the ...
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193 views

What type of purpose clause for specifying a substantive gerundive

When using a substantive gerundive, what form would a specifying purpose clause take? For instance: "things to be used for fighting," I would use a gerundive (utenda) and then what? A dative ...
3
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1answer
58 views

What are the Roles of “Quin” and “Sit” in “fieri non potest quin sit”?

In the question on Sherlockian logic, Batavulus, in his answer gave an alternative translation of the clause "it must be believed"/ "one must believe it", which is: "fieri ...
3
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1answer
60 views

Is this a proper construction?

I am nearly certain that this is off-topic for being too specific, but I have no idea where else on the wide internet to even go. SPLENDIDIS MENS MEA Affectionately written on a piece of jewelry, ...
2
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48 views

Ubi jus ibi remedium

I am trying to make sense of the phrase ubi jus ibi remedium. It seems incomplete, and I feel I should add two verbs and something to separate the two sentences, for example: Ubi jus est, ibi est ...
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100 views

How do you say “feed on (something)” in Latin

Not the most experienced in Latin, so this may seem redundant to most, but I'm trying to figure out how to say "to feed on (something)". I'm assuming I just change the case of the object ...
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Why is this a correct sentence: “Iūlius nōn sōlus, sed cum magnā familiā habitat”?

In Familia Romana Cap. 5 there is this sentence: Iūlius nōn sōlus, sed cum Aemiliā et cum magnā familiā in vīllā habitat. I'm struggling to understand why this sentence is grammatically correct. ...
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239 views

Are future active participles of deponent verbs used in place of future passive participles? Why?

In form, nātūrus is a future active participle of the (deponent) verb nāscor – which otherwise only appears in passive forms – and is used to mean about to rise and, taken literally, about to be born, ...
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160 views

UPDATE: How to translate “Comfort the afflicted; afflict the comfortable?”

I am trying to translate the saying "Comfort the afflicted; afflict the comfortable" into Latin, but I don't actually know Latin, and I've run into a wall. I think the verbs should be ...
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2answers
143 views

How would one say “Please let me do X thing”

Was wondering how one would say "Please let me do X thing" e.g. "Please let me love/win/see" Would you use some sort of impersonal construction, or would one use "permitto&...
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141 views

The interjection “o” with different cases

I recently came across o beatum te in a letter and I was surprised that accusative was used instead of vocative. Lewis and Short indeed indicate that the interjection o can be used with vocative, ...
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2answers
244 views

The difference between ablative absolute and a participle coniunctum

(old misleading title: The difference between ablative absolute and present participle) On participles A&G notes: The present and perfect participles are often used as a predicate, where in ...
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75 views

When should you use genitive pronouns and when should you use possessive adjectives?

I was reading @brianpck's post about genitive pronouns vs possessive adjectives, and trying to understand when it's better to use one versus the other. Compare these two sentences: Mater non est apud ...
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544 views

Why is Italiae used rather than Italis in the phrase “In hortis Italiae”?

In the Grammatica Latina at the end of Cap. V of LLPSI Pars I, Ørberg has the following examples for singular and plural ablative of each gender: [A] Masculinum. In horto Iulii. In hortis Italiae. [...
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66 views

Can afficio be used to mean “approach?”

In English, we can say "I made towards the abandoned building" which means the same thing as "I approach the abandoned building." I'm guessing it may be possible, via a ...
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40 views

Pliny, Naturalis Historia Bk II, first para., “conplexus”

Pliny, Naturalis Historia Book II, paragraph I: Mundum et hoc—quocumque nomine alio caelum appellare libuit cuius circumflexu teguntur cuncta, numen esse credi par est, aeternum, inmensum, neque ...
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1answer
115 views

How does Latin handle “picture nouns”?

"Picture nouns" are nouns like that have their own content such as, picture, story. In English this characteristics results in ambiguity. When we say "my photo" it may mean: A ...
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1answer
87 views

Does the grammar work on this: Nova eruditione requirens dialecticus

Nova eruditione requirens dialecticus (it spells nerd, which is the point of this) I wanted it to mean "the dialecticus that is searching for new knowledge" but it's been a while since I ...
5
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1answer
112 views

When do we use supine and 'ut/ne' clause to express purpose?

Often told that supine is used for Verbs of motion while 'ut/ne' for other verbs. An explanation here could help more.
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2answers
107 views

The use of et…et and the following grammar

Salvete omnes, doctissimi amici et amicae, a question rose from Orberg LLPSI I, where it says: "Iam et Marcus et Quintus mala habent." Why would he use the accusativus pluralis of malum when ...
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229 views

Quem or quid when asking what something is buying?

I am not sure whether to say "Quem emit Iulius?" or "Quid emit Iulius?" if I want to know what Julius is buying. I know the interrogative pronoun should be in the accusative case ...
3
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2answers
116 views

“you should know how to do it by now”

How to render the English should when in the sense of "it is expected" rather than hortatory command or "it behooves". Examples to illustrate the meaning I'm looking for: A: "...
5
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1answer
404 views

“Ego me omnium hominum beatissimum tot annos putabam”: Why annos is accusative here?

In the beginners-book "Julia" by Maud Reed we find this sentence: "Non falsa," inquit, "Solon, vir sapiens, dixit. Ego me omnium hominum beatissimum tot annos putabam. Nunc ...
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2k views

How to say “To serve, not to be served” in Latin?

I would like to know how to translate the phrase "To serve, not to be served" in Latin. It doesn't have to be a word for word translation. But, I want to know the phrase that would give the ...
4
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2answers
207 views

How do you say “one more [something]”?

Answers to the question Latin version of "non ho che un" or "je n'ai qu'un" suggest that English more than one can be translated to Latin as plus unum (even though there ...
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1answer
52 views

Carpe sciurum (sieze/harvest the squirrel?)

Would 'carpe sciurum' be a functional translation of 'seize the squirrel'? (As in to 'harvest' or 'pluck' the squirrel?)
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1answer
54 views

Preposition of agent

Is it better to say a lectica portatur or in lectica portatur if it's the lectīcā who is the agent? Gratias plurimas.
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120 views

Comparisons in Latin- does this make sense?

Here is my sentence: I'm trying to say that "The gods seemed to favor Romulus because he saw 12 vultures, twice the number of birds that Remus saw." Dii Romulō favere visi sunt quia ille ...
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3answers
198 views

What case does 'plus' take?

I don't have any information about what case to use with 'plus' (or 'magis'). In dictionaries usually only prepositions take some case, and it is showed in parentheses. In my language, 'more' takes ...
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0answers
32 views

Ascend “by”, should it be ablative?

In music, a "comma" is a rough unit of intonation. If I were to refer to a refrain which had globally ascended a comma compared to the previous time it occurred, does it make sense that it ...
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1answer
147 views

Does this sentence in Latin make sense?

I'm having some trouble with indirect speech and was wondering if my answers to these questions are correctly worded. Quid Priamus ante Pyrrhō praedīxit quam periit? Priamus praedixit deos ...
3
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1answer
137 views

Are there any general rules for creating 'proper' Latin neologisms, beyond matching gender, number, and case?

For the sake of this question, I'm going to be using this definition of neologism, "A newly coined word or phrase." From my understanding, the loose etymology of this word is the French neo plus Greek ...
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1answer
367 views

Can “sum” and “nemo” work together to create a phrase meaning “I am no one?”

I have been trying to understand the relationship between "sum" and "nemo", to create a phrase meaning something like "I am no one". In all the contexts I personally ...

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