Questions tagged [french]

For questions related to French. Questions solely about French are off-topic, but relations between French and Latin are on-topic.

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What is this character saying in Latin?

I was watching the latest Asterix movie. I know that people who know Latin sometimes don’t like the way it’s used in Asterix, but hear me out. There is this scene where the pirates are trying to get ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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What semantic notions underlie 'fold' with 'plight; predicament'?

Of the two noun homonyms 'pledge', I'm asking merely about that derived from Latin. For the other homonym from Proto-Germanic , please see this. Etymonline for 'plight (n.1)' : "condition or ...
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3 votes
1 answer
113 views

How might've *batare originated imitatively?

I was reading the etymology of French ébahir, when I lighted on this etymon. Etymology [of bayer] From Medieval Latin *batare (“to gape”), probably of imitative origin. I don't understand how *...
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5 votes
1 answer
69 views

What is the equivalent of "Making someone feel he is indebted" in Greek?

There is a behavior that can arise when one does a favor for another person and after proceeds to put that person in a position they owe them something. Not to conflate in the "debt" or "indebtedness"...
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1 vote
1 answer
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What semantic notions underlie 'hole' and a swelling, bulge'? [closed]

The English version of Wiktionary's page on 'trou' (French for 'hole') avers that it's: From Medieval Latin traugus, a "barbarous" Latin word first attested in the Ripuarian Law, probably ...
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7 votes
1 answer
105 views

Did 'apricus' undergo antiphrasis?

Etymology [ of (French verb) 'abrier' ] From Middle French, from Old French abrier (“to cover”), itself mostly likely from Late Latin aprīcāre, from Latin aprīcārī, present active infinitive of ...
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6 votes
1 answer
246 views

Is urgolius a Latin word, as this Wiktionnaire etymology seems to imply?

I was reading about the French word orgueil recently, and I learned that it derives from the Frankish word *urgōl. (980, Passion), orgolz, puis (1080, Chanson de Roland) orgoill et (1130, Eneas) ...
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1 vote
1 answer
102 views

What semantic notions underlie <the same> (in *metipsimus) and <even> (in 'même')?

[ Wiktionary for 'même' :] Etymology [3.] From Middle French mesme, from Old French mesme, earlier meïsme, [2.] from Vulgar Latin *metipsimus [= the same], [1.] from Latin -met [emphatic suffix] ...
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9 votes
1 answer
153 views

How did the Latin past participle suffix -atus develop into modern French -é?

How did the Latin past participle suffix -atus develop into modern French -é? Considering the two following examples: modern French état ("state; status") and été ("been"). Both derives ultimately ...
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4 votes
0 answers
171 views

Why would 'quamquam' have been employed in school debates?

Wiktionary in English lacking information on etymology, I must cite the French version of the French verb 'cancan', but omit the other impertinent etymology hypotheses: (Bavardage) (1821) [3.] ...
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12 votes
3 answers
818 views

En Marche ! in Latin

Macron's victory in France has got me wondering what would be the best way to capture the phrase "En Marche" in Latin? My first thought was to use the incedere with perhaps prorsus, but the English ...
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5 votes
3 answers
289 views

When I am the subject and the direct object of a phrase

I want to translate the following French quote from Paul Valéry: Je ne suis pas toujours d'accord avec moi-même. Which roughly translates into: I don't always agree with myself. I want it to ...
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4 votes
1 answer
216 views

What semantic notions underlie the Latin 'tropus' with the notion of <find>?

Reading the etymology of 'contrive' elicited the entitled question, where I lazily omit some links. My conjecture: A figure of speech had to be found or imagined from the literal meaning, before it ...
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13 votes
4 answers
1k views

French and Latin "s'il te/vous plaît"

The phrases si tibi placet and si vobis placet can be found in Latin literature, but they are not particularly common. At least superficially they correspond to the French "s'il te plaît" and "s'il ...
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1 vote
3 answers
107 views

What semantic notions underlie the Latin 'quartus' & the French « écarter »?

[ CNRTL : ] Empr.[unt] au lat[in] *exquartare, dér.[ivé] du lat[in] class[ique] quartus « quart ». Wiktionary states the same etymology: how does the Numeral Adjective 4 in Latin semantically ...
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4 votes
1 answer
180 views

What is the Latin etymon of 'que' in the French « ne ... que »?

I am still trying to understand the etymology of the French adverbial 'ne que', and so researched the Latin etymons of these two Functional Morphemes for more sapience. This question concerns only the ...
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2 votes
1 answer
124 views

What underlying semantic notions connect the Latin for '(from then) to this hour' to the French « encore »?

[ CNRTL : ] Du lat[in] vulg[aire] *hinc ha (c) hora ou *hinc ad horam; la forme a[ncienne] fr[ançaise] uncore, oncore est due à l'infl[uence] de onque, onc*. This thread redirects you to the ...
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12 votes
2 answers
909 views

How does the Latin of these two translations of The Little Prince compare?

There are two translations of The Little Prince into Latin, one by Auguste Haury and one by Franz Schlosser. I'm trying to get a sense of the relative merits of their Latin. Here's the dedication of ...
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3 votes
1 answer
99 views

What underlying semantic notions connect 'studere' to 'to put in, put aside, spare, keep'?

[ Etymonline on 'etui (n.)' : ] 1610s, also ettuy, etwee from French étui, Old French estui (12c.) "case, box, container," back-formation from estuier "put in put aside, spare; to keep, shut up, ...
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-2 votes
1 answer
285 views

When and why did Latin mutate into Italian, French and Spanish? [closed]

At which point in history was the language spoken not anymore called Latin but any of the succeeding languages like Italian, French or Spanish? What are the characteristics which made them different ...
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