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Questions tagged [esse]

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4
votes
1answer
128 views

Latin usage & perfect passive finite verb forms

I understand that a perfect passive finite verb is formed by combining the perfect passive participle with the correct form of 'esse'. My question is this: Does it ever happen that the second ...
4
votes
1answer
77 views

Can I write 'Ecce Esse!'?

Is 'ecce esse!' acceptable Latin for 'Lo, to be!'? I've tried looking online for answers, but I've not found anything definitive either confirming or disconfirming that it is, though I do not have ...
8
votes
1answer
153 views

Active perfect stem conjugation and forms of esse

Many forms formed from the perfect stem (habitav-, fec-, tetig-, and others) resemble forms of esse. It looks as if a form of esse was directly attached to the perfect stem. In perfect conjunctive an -...
6
votes
2answers
742 views

Is “servos” accusative plural in Plautus's “is est servos ipse” and, if that's the case, why does “esse” takes accusative case there?

I have some troubles in understanding the syntax of a sentence from Plautus's Captivi, line 580; I need to add glosses. The sentence is "Nam is est servos ipse, neque praeter se umquam ei servos fuit"....
3
votes
1answer
64 views

Reflexive Pronouns & Indirect Statements

The answer key to North & Hillard, Ex. 235 proposes the following Latin translation of:"...until the king, frightened by the ambassador's boldness, promised to do what the Senate decreed." ......
9
votes
1answer
462 views

Translation of “…quae parvas aves capit et est.”

I was reading Lingua Latina Per Se Illustrata to practice my fluency of understanding simple sentences. In the tenth chapter, Bestiae et Homines (page 69), I came across a description of eagles. ...
11
votes
2answers
286 views

Can esse be used with a present participle?

I do not recall ever seeing esse in any form used with active present participles (like faciens). One could imagine something similar to the English distinction between "he does" and "he is doing" in ...
10
votes
2answers
504 views

Why is there no predicate in “in vino veritas”?

The latin aphorism, penned by Alcaeus of Mytilene, in vino veritas does not contain any predicate. I assume that esse is implied but I haven't come across any other aphorisms leaving out verbs. Is ...
14
votes
1answer
348 views

How does forem compare to essem?

The verb esse has two sets of imperfect conjunctive forms: essem, esses, esset… and forem, fores, foret… What is the difference between these two, in meaning and in use? Are there cases ...