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Questions tagged [enclitic]

Enclitic particles like -ne, -que, and -ve are attached to other words.

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What is the full word of clitic -ce?

Oxford Latin Dictionary says -ce particle. Deictic particle, usu. enclitic (cf, Osc. iuc, nom. sg, f. = ea); added to demonstratives and in classical L, reduced to -c (hic, iliic; hinc, ...
3 votes
1 answer
467 views

What does enclitic mean here?

What does enclitic mean in Learn to Read Greek, by Keller? In Attic Greek the word tis, ti may function either as an indefinite pronoun or as an indefinite adjective. Its forms are identical with ...
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Does an enclitic -que with an interrogative pronoun ever mean "and"?

Enclitic -que generally means "and" in Latin. It's quite common to see -que paired with the interrogative pronoun quis/quid (as well as other pronouns like it, e.g. the relative pronouns qui/...
9 votes
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What does the phrase "nec non" mean? (Metamorphoses I.612-614)

In this passage from the Metamorphoses, Juno just descended from heaven onto earth to spy the whereabouts of her husband. Jupiter, having foreseen his wife's arrival, changes Io into a heifer. ...
6 votes
1 answer
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Linking nouns and adjectives with -que

Elementary level here. Linking with -que: magna insula + magna paeninsula = magna insula magnaque paeninsula and cicada + magna lupa = cicada magnaque lupa (magna referring to lupa only). Are they ...
6 votes
1 answer
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Do we ever see the enclitic -ne multiple times in a clause?

My understanding of the -ne enclitic is that it's usually attached to whichever element is in question, or whichever element is most emphasized. For example, mē-ne amat is emphasizing the object (...
59 votes
5 answers
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Are "-que" and "et" equivalent?

I was taught that one can use the '-que' suffix to string together multiple words, in a similar way to putting 'et' between them. Are these two equivalent? Did one have a connotation in classical (...
7 votes
1 answer
171 views

Can -que be used with negation?

If I want to negate two things, can I combine them with -que? For example, if I want to say "I don't have a cat or a dog", can I say non habeo felem canemque? Or should it rather be non ...
8 votes
0 answers
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Does the indefinite pronoun/determiner "quă" only exist as an enclitic?

I recently learned that there is an indefinite determiner and pronoun quă used in the feminine nominative singular and neuter nominative/accusative plural with the sense "any(one)" (...
7 votes
1 answer
261 views

In which cases the enclitic -ne is optional, and and in which is it mandatory?

As I get it, -ne is used to play the role of a question word when there's no question word, and of course, when it's a yes-no question. But is it good practice to omit it in such questions? Is it a ...
1 vote
1 answer
616 views

About the difference between the enclitic "ne" and the non-enclitic "ne"

So, I know that -ne is an enclitic to express a yes/no question. But, the "Ne", as a non-enclitic, as I understood it, could also be a word question. In "Ne....annon" or "Ne....necne" Meaning Is it....
4 votes
1 answer
391 views

The Significance of Suffix -CE

Allen & Greenough p.364, Note 2: the dative plural "his" has a suffix "-ce" attatched: "hisce omnis aditus ad Sullam intercludere"; (Cicero Pro Roscius Amerino 110.10) firstly, (A & G) have ...
12 votes
1 answer
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Where to put the enclitic -ne?

The enclitic particle -ne can be used to form a binary (yes/no) question. I would like to know how attaching it to different words changes the meaning of the question. I have a clear idea of how it ...
8 votes
1 answer
468 views

Were enclitics considered part of a word for stress purposes?

One rule of Latin stress is that it can never go farther back than the antepenult: the third syllable from the end. For example, we have cár-men "song", cár-mi-ne "with a song", and car-mí-ni-bus "...
10 votes
2 answers
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Can enclitics be chained?

I am active in a small Latin Discord group; a member brought up a question concerning the validity of the following phrase with chained enclitics: Valēsneque? (with the enclitics distinguished) ...
7 votes
1 answer
283 views

-ne as an Indication of Fear in a Question

I was recently taking a sort of multiple choice quiz on just general Latin knowledge, and I came upon one question that threw me for a loop, so to speak. The question asked which of the options best ...
4 votes
2 answers
327 views

Does -ne affect word order?

My intuition suggests different word orders with and without the enclitic -ne. For example: Vir canit. — The man sings. Canitne vir? — Does the man sing? I know full well that Latin ...
5 votes
2 answers
336 views

Is visne > vin unique?

There is a contraction from the regular visne to vin. Is the same contraction with -ne attested with other verbs in classical Latin? I don't recall seeing questions like loquerin Latine or haben equum ...
4 votes
0 answers
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Pronunciation when adding -que [duplicate]

Wheelock's Latin says: In a word of two syllables the accent always falls on the first syllable: sér-vō, sáe-pe, ní-hil. In a word of three or more syllables, the accent falls on the next to ...
10 votes
1 answer
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Can -c replace -que in other words than atque and neque?

The enclitic -que in the words neque and atque can be shortened to produce nec and ac. Are there other instances where -que can turn into -c? Can this be productive, or can it only happen in very ...
14 votes
1 answer
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Can -que be attached to a word ending in -que?

Some Latin words end in -que (for example quinque, vocative of adjectives ending in -quus and imperatives like relinque), but I have never seen the conjunction -que attached to such words. Are there ...
15 votes
1 answer
454 views

Can I put multiple words in a list, with "-que" on the last one?

As a sort of followup to Are "-que" and "et" equivalent?, I'd like to know if this would be considered a valid construction (in classical-latin): Arma virum navesque cano (...