Questions tagged [enclitic]

Enclitic particles like -ne, -que, and -ve are attached to other words.

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Linking nouns and adjectives with -que

Elementary level here. Linking with -que: magna insula + magna paeninsula = magna insula magnaque paeninsula and cicada + magna lupa = cicada magnaque lupa (magna referring to lupa only). Are they ...
Renato de Melo's user avatar
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Do we ever see the enclitic -ne multiple times in a clause?

My understanding of the -ne enclitic is that it's usually attached to whichever element is in question, or whichever element is most emphasized. For example, mē-ne amat is emphasizing the object (...
Draconis's user avatar
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Can -que be used with negation?

If I want to negate two things, can I combine them with -que? For example, if I want to say "I don't have a cat or a dog", can I say non habeo felem canemque? Or should it rather be non ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
8 votes
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Does the indefinite pronoun/determiner "quă" only exist as an enclitic?

I recently learned that there is an indefinite determiner and pronoun quă used in the feminine nominative singular and neuter nominative/accusative plural with the sense "any(one)" (...
Asteroides's user avatar
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The Significance of Suffix -CE

Allen & Greenough p.364, Note 2: the dative plural "his" has a suffix "-ce" attatched: "hisce omnis aditus ad Sullam intercludere"; (Cicero Pro Roscius Amerino 110.10) firstly, (A & G) have ...
tony's user avatar
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About the difference between the enclitic "ne" and the non-enclitic "ne"

So, I know that -ne is an enclitic to express a yes/no question. But, the "Ne", as a non-enclitic, as I understood it, could also be a word question. In "Ne....annon" or "Ne....necne" Meaning Is it....
Quidam's user avatar
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In which cases the enclitic -ne is optional, and and in which is it mandatory?

As I get it, -ne is used to play the role of a question word when there's no question word, and of course, when it's a yes-no question. But is it good practice to omit it in such questions? Is it a ...
Quidam's user avatar
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Were enclitics considered part of a word for stress purposes?

One rule of Latin stress is that it can never go farther back than the antepenult: the third syllable from the end. For example, we have cár-men "song", cár-mi-ne "with a song", and car-mí-ni-bus "...
Draconis's user avatar
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Can enclitics be chained?

I am active in a small Latin Discord group; a member brought up a question concerning the validity of the following phrase with chained enclitics: Valēsneque? (with the enclitics distinguished) ...
Ethan Bierlein's user avatar
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-ne as an Indication of Fear in a Question

I was recently taking a sort of multiple choice quiz on just general Latin knowledge, and I came upon one question that threw me for a loop, so to speak. The question asked which of the options best ...
Sam K's user avatar
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Does -ne affect word order?

My intuition suggests different word orders with and without the enclitic -ne. For example: Vir canit. — The man sings. Canitne vir? — Does the man sing? I know full well that Latin ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
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Is visne > vin unique?

There is a contraction from the regular visne to vin. Is the same contraction with -ne attested with other verbs in classical Latin? I don't recall seeing questions like loquerin Latine or haben equum ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
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Pronunciation when adding -que [duplicate]

Wheelock's Latin says: In a word of two syllables the accent always falls on the first syllable: sér-vō, sáe-pe, ní-hil. In a word of three or more syllables, the accent falls on the next to ...
Alfie González's user avatar
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Where to put the enclitic -ne?

The enclitic particle -ne can be used to form a binary (yes/no) question. I would like to know how attaching it to different words changes the meaning of the question. I have a clear idea of how it ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
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What does the phrase "nec non" mean? (Metamorphoses I.612-614)

In this passage from the Metamorphoses, Juno just descended from heaven onto earth to spy the whereabouts of her husband. Jupiter, having foreseen his wife's arrival, changes Io into a heifer. ...
ktm5124's user avatar
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Can -c replace -que in other words than atque and neque?

The enclitic -que in the words neque and atque can be shortened to produce nec and ac. Are there other instances where -que can turn into -c? Can this be productive, or can it only happen in very ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
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Can -que be attached to a word ending in -que?

Some Latin words end in -que (for example quinque, vocative of adjectives ending in -quus and imperatives like relinque), but I have never seen the conjunction -que attached to such words. Are there ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
15 votes
1 answer
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Can I put multiple words in a list, with "-que" on the last one?

As a sort of followup to Are "-que" and "et" equivalent?, I'd like to know if this would be considered a valid construction (in classical-latin): Arma virum navesque cano (...
Undo's user avatar
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Are "-que" and "et" equivalent?

I was taught that one can use the '-que' suffix to string together multiple words, in a similar way to putting 'et' between them. Are these two equivalent? Did one have a connotation in classical (...
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