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Questions tagged [dictionary]

For questions related to all kinds of dictionaries.

3
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1answer
40 views

How to search for nouns ending in -ile?

When I was researching for this question of mine, I wanted to find nouns similar to missile. I used the L&S on Perseus and searched for all words ending in -ile, but missile was not included. The ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

How do I access the Oxford Latin Dictionary online?

I'm using a university account to sign into Oxford Scholarly Editions Online. To what 'widget' does the official webpage refer? Is it online? Must it be downloaded? A widget enabling users to look ...
7
votes
3answers
195 views

How can I look up words with digammas?

(Digammas? Digammai? Digammata?) This question revolved around a dialectal form that I'd never seen before. Normally when encountering a new Greek word, Attic or otherwise, my first instinct is to ...
5
votes
2answers
94 views

What is L&S not good for?

The Lewis and Short dictionary seem ubiquitous in this site. I have yet to get used to use it, being Wiktionary my main source of reference. However, when reading in Wikipedia about the Oxford Latin ...
5
votes
1answer
84 views

Dictionary for New Latin words

Is there an online dictionary that contains many New Latin words with macrons? I know there is already a post about dictionaries: Which online Latin dictionaries should I use and why? However, the ...
3
votes
3answers
220 views

What is meant by “collateral” in dictionaries?

Lewis & Short often use the abbreviation collat., standing for collateral according to the appendix of abbreviations. An example: ŭtĕrus, i, m. (collat. form ŭter, Caecil. ap. Non. 188, 15; ...
4
votes
2answers
151 views

Understanding Lewis and Short: Why sūbĭcĭo and not subjĭcĭo?

I just searched for Christmas questions on our site, and ended up reading this question and its answer. There was a mention of the Lewis and Short entry on the verb subicere, and I was puzzled by the ...
6
votes
3answers
468 views

Latin phonetic dictionary

I'm starting to learn Latin on my own and I have trouble with pronouncing words correctly very often. Does anyone know of a Latin dictionary with the IPA transcriptions of Latin words, preferably with ...
6
votes
0answers
38 views

What is the most helpful dictionary for post-medieval works of philosophy and mathematics?

I need Latin for my natural-language artificial intelligence research, and I've been at it for enough years that I can read Latin well, but need extensive practice with composition. Thus I have ...
4
votes
2answers
95 views

Niti and straining for a stool

The entry for niti in Lewis and Short includes meaning I.B.3: "to strain for a stool". One passage of such use is mentioned: Suet. Ves. 20: Statura fuit quadrata, compactis firmisque membris, ...
8
votes
0answers
58 views

Where can I find standard translations of mathematics/physics terms in Latin?

Suppose I want to write a math paper in Latin. I need to translate terms such as "manifold", "holomorphic", "martingale", etc. The Latin Wikipedia only has a limited number of terms available and ...
9
votes
2answers
88 views

How to select dictionary translations

I was looking for a translation of the word "government" and I found in Pons dictionary (German–Latin) that it could be regnum or imperium. On the other hand, I also checked it in Collins ...
10
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2answers
385 views

Abbreviations in Latin dictionaries, especially Lewis and Short

When reading Lewis and Short online1, I have occasional trouble figuring out what the various abbreviations mean. This includes authors and their works, but, more importantly to me, also other ...
15
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3answers
834 views

Why do Latin nouns (like cena, -ae) include two forms?

So I recently learned the first declension nouns concept and my list of new vocabularies to learn suddenly changed. Words were usually presented as: sagitta pecunia etc. Now, they indicate the ...
5
votes
1answer
39 views

How to search for neuters ending in -tus?

For reasons of rhyming I sometimes need to search for Latin words with specific kinds of endings. Translating songs to Latin is a hobby that seems to inevitably lead to this need. I would like to ...
30
votes
15answers
4k views

Which online Latin dictionaries should I use and why?

What good online Latin dictionaries do you know? What are their benefits and drawbacks? Please give only one dictionary per answer. If you have many dictionaries to suggest, give multiple answers &...
8
votes
2answers
646 views

Three forms of a Latin verb?

Why do Latin to English dictionaries list three forms of a Latin verb? I've seen this other places like grammar books too. For example: sedeō, sēdī, sessum: to sit. There's no Latin keyboard for ...
4
votes
1answer
79 views

Resources that classify words/definitions by period in Latin history?

I'm trying to develop a stronger sense of what/how Latin vocabulary was used at different points in the history of the language. In looking around Google and archive.org, I've found dictionaries from, ...
14
votes
1answer
300 views

Are there dictionaries that translate profanities profanely?

Sometimes I come across Latin profanities, for example when reading a certain poem of Catullus. Many dictionaries fail to translate profanities properly, perhaps in order to maintain a certain level ...
16
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3answers
573 views

Did the Romans use dictionaries to check what words mean?

Did Romans or other ancient users of Latin have lists of difficult words with explanations in Latin? I mean dictionaries composed entirely in Latin, not dictionaries between Latin and another language....
9
votes
1answer
78 views

Technique to find first principal parts when later parts change spelling? E.g. find 'nanciscor' from 'nactus'

I am tutoring a friend who is preparing for a graduate school translation exam, of the "unseen passage, dictionary allowed, time limit imposed, be accurate" variety. We came across nacti in ...
17
votes
1answer
346 views

Why are verbs often listed under their first person singular form and not under infinitive as in many other languages?

The natural way of listing verbs in dictionaries is by infinitive, but this is not the case in many Latin dictionaries. Why? Were there some of the first Latin dictionaries using first person singular ...