Questions tagged [dialects]

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Sources for Roman graffiti of Pompeii and Herculaneum

I'm beginning to learn about vulgar latin and I came across the following verses which is one of the graffiti preserved by the lava. Quisquis ama valia, peria qui nosci amare. Bis tanti peria ...
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8 votes
2 answers
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Aeolic and Ionic personal pronouns: paradigms for recitation?

I'm having trouble getting all the Homeric pronouns under my belt for purposes of reading comprehension. Just for grins, I wrote a little script that goes through the Project Perseus treebank for ...
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7 votes
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Is it φιλημι or φιλημμι?

In fragments of Sappho, we see athematic (μι-verb) forms for what Attic would call contract verbs, like φιλημ(μ)ι and καλημ(μ)ι for Attic φιλέω, καλέω. However, authorities seem to differ on how many ...
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6 votes
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Where is φιλημι attested?

I've often heard it said that Aeolic Greek used -μι endings on contract verbs, like φιλημι in Sappho (for Attic φιλέω/φιλῶ). However, I can't seem to find this supposed "φιλημι" anywhere. It ...
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1 vote
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Do any Greek words have stems ending in labiovelars?

I know that Ancient Greek lost its labiovelar consonants at some point before alphabetic writing caught on. We know of the labiovelars' previous existence mostly because of different reflexes in ...
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9 votes
1 answer
327 views

What evidence is there for the classical pronunciation of zeta?

As I learned it back in introductory Greek, there's significant debate in the classics community about whether Classical Greek Ζ was pronounced /dz/, /zd/, /zz/, or something else. What evidence is ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Was there a standard accent in Latin in the Roman era?

I know that the standard language was Classical Latin and that the average person spoke Vulgar Latin, but was there a standard dialect or pronunciation for Latin? Like the way it was spoken in Rome?
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4 votes
1 answer
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μονάδαι as plural form of μονάς

In the text that I am reading now, the Greek word μονάδαι is used to indicate "units". I have understood it as a plural form of μονάς, however, I could only find μονᾰ́δε in the dual form and μονᾰ́δες ...
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6 votes
1 answer
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What dialect are the Antikythera Mechanism inscriptions in?

The Antikythera Mechanism is an early analogue computer, discovered in a Roman shipwreck off the coast of Antikythera. It was ridiculously advanced for its time, being able to calculate eclipses, ...
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8 votes
1 answer
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Do we know how Greek dialects sounded?

To some extent, we know how sounds varied between ancient Greek dialects: the Aeolians lost rough breathings but preserved digamma, for example, while the Attics changed many of their long alphas into ...
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8 votes
1 answer
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How did the "injunctive" work?

According to Wikipedia: Homeric Greek does not have a historical present tense, but rather uses injunctives. Injunctives are replaced by the historical present in the post-Homeric writings of ...
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8 votes
2 answers
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Do non-Attic-Ionic dialects distinguish the accusatives of the ἀσπίς and χάρις types?

In Attic-Ionic Greek, nouns with dental stems show two types of accusative singular endings, depending on the position of the accent: If the accent is on the final syllable of the stem, the ...
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7 votes
1 answer
646 views

What was Sappho's name?

I've seen the name of the famous Aeolian poet written as both "Ψαπφω" and "Σαπφω". The latter seems universal in Attic, and hence she's known as "Sappho" in English. Which of these names is "more ...
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6 votes
2 answers
783 views

What does "περσκέθοισᾱ" mean?

The second stanza of Sappho's Poem 16 is reconstructed as follows: πάγχυ δ' εὔμᾱρες σύνετον πόησαι πάντι τοῦτ', ᾱ γὰρ πόλυ περσκέθοισα κάλλος ἀνθρώπων Ἐλένᾱ τὸν ἄνδρα τὸν πανάριστον I'm ...
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