Questions tagged [definitions]

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4 votes
2 answers

Are the cases in Latin always six?

In a book about linguistics I've read this sentence: Each word has up to six different such 'cases', and each case has distinct endings for singular and plural. Now I'm pretty sure that when I ...
Enlico's user avatar
  • 143
9 votes
1 answer

Hac hic huc meanings/difference

Could somebody please explain the difference between the adverbs hac/hic/huc (or illac/illic/illuc etc.), the dictionaries don't seem to differentiate. My understanding is hic is 'positional' i.e. in ...
grumio's user avatar
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4 votes
0 answers

how 'nunc' is used as a correlative?

I came across this sentence in Jerome's letter to Innocentius: "Nunc mihi ēuānēscentibus terrīs ‘caelum undique et undique pontus’ nunc unda tenebrīs horrēscēns et caecā nocte nimbōrum spūmeī ...
VivatLinguaLatina's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer

What does the word "numquid" literally mean?

I have come across this word a few times in more later Latin texts. Would this word be merely synonymous with 'num' and 'quid' or is there a different shade of meaning that can be explained through a ...
VivatLinguaLatina's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers

What is the difference in meaning between `nil` and `non` in "Primum non nocere"?

The wikipedia entry for "Primum non nocere" mentions that it's sometimes written as "Primum nil nocere". I realize the shade of difference is probably pretty fine, but is one of ...
user101289's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers

Meaning of "condition-ut-extremis" in Dune

Excerpt From: Frank Herbert, Dune “The wisdom of seeding the known universe with a prophecy pattern for the protection of B.G. personnel has long been appreciated, but never have we seen a condition-...
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer

What is the connection between figs and pride in the word Caprificus?

I have seen the definitions of caprificus (caper + ficus = goat + fig) include both pride and fig trees /goat-figs. Are goats considered particularly prideful? I would think they would be more ...
Lightheart's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers

What is the origin for the act of "sex" and definition?

What is the origin for the word "sex" in its various grammatical forms (the noun "sex" and the verb "sex")? What is the historical definition of this word? How has it morphed into the definition of ...
Danielle's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer

What can "dicere" mean in the context of a musical instrument?

Apuleius, Metamorphoses VI.24.3: scaena sibi sic concinnata ut Musae quidem chorum canerent, tibias inflaret Saturus, et Paniscus ad fistulam diceret. This is from the Loeb edition, which ...
Cerberus's user avatar
  • 19.8k
4 votes
0 answers

Is Pluto a planet(a)?

Judging by Lewis and Short (and other sources), planeta means a wandering star and was borrowed from Greek. Apparently the word is post-classical, and the classical expression is stellae errantes/...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer

Can "Quae" Be "Which"?

Before I knew much of any Latin, I watched the lyrics to Keith Massey's cover of Hello and studied the lyrics. Then, I didn't understand how tu could be tibi and ego can be me. In fact, I think the ...
Middle School Historian's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer

How does "jus" distinguish between "duty" and "right"

Lewis & Short defines jus, juris with a number of concepts that are related but distinct: that which is binding or obligatory; that which is binding by its nature, right, justice, duty I am ...
brianpck's user avatar
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8 votes
1 answer

Did the Romans have a definition for a species of organism?

In today's taxonomy animals, plants and other organisms are organized in species. Defining a species is no simple task for modern biologists, but we have a fair understanding of what a species ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
19 votes
3 answers

What is the meaning of "suffragio" at the time of Calvin?

In the 1559 edition of Calvin's Institutes, he writes: Quare dum illam recipit, ac suffragio suo obsignat, non ex dubia aut alioqui controversa authenticam reddit Ford L. Battles renders it this ...
Nathaniel is protesting's user avatar
12 votes
6 answers

What does memento mori actually mean?

I'm wondering what memento mori actually means. From Wikipedia, I see the meaning is "you must die" but that makes it sound like a threat. Legend said that one of the war prisoner use the word for ...
geomars's user avatar
  • 163
12 votes
1 answer

Difference between "hiems" and "hībernum"

The two words both translate to "winter" in English.1,2 Although information on Wikipedia is sparse, I gather that hiems is most commonly used as a noun, while hibernum is the noun form of the more ...
Flimzy's user avatar
  • 378