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Questions tagged [conjugation]

For questions about conjugating verbs.

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from dēfēcisse to deficisse

My question concerns the forms dēfēcisse (dēficio, active infinitive perfect) and the variant dēficisse. I found both forms in a text from Justin/Trogus (Epitome.11.2.7) : In cuius apparatu occupato ...
suizokukan's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
344 views

know the conjugation of a verb

When learning new verbs, it is said to learn 5 forms (first/second singular of indicative infectum, infectum infinitive, first person singular perfectum and supin). How to differentiate between the ...
mle's user avatar
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8 votes
1 answer
623 views

looking for help with the Latin word for "open"

I am making a shirt for our locksport group and was thinking about incorporating a take on the "Veni,Vidi,Vici" phrase. At locksport competitions it is customary to call out "OPEN" ...
PTMKS15's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
399 views

Why does the conjugation of Ēsse (Edere) vary dictionary-wise?

I am using LLPSI to learn latin. I came across the word "ēst" meaning "He/She/It eats". I looked further to see the whole conjugation table. I found that there are some differences ...
Sapiens's user avatar
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7 votes
2 answers
224 views

Why does "abesse" have a present active participle while "adesse" does not?

I found that the verb "Abesse" unlike "Esse" or "Adesse" has a present active participle. What makes "Abesse" different?
Sapiens's user avatar
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-1 votes
1 answer
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What are the regular rules that govern the deriving of the perfect active stem from the present stem? [duplicate]

In Keller's Learn to Read Latin: In the third principal part of capio, capere, ce(long)pi, caphls, the root vowel changes to a long -e-. The change of the vowel indicates a change in tense. A change ...
Tim's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
509 views

How are the 3rd and 4th principal parts of a verb formed from their stems and endings?

In Keller's Learn to Read Latin: Most verbs of the first conjugation have principal parts that follow the pattern of ambulō, ambulāre, ambulāvī, ambulātum (an intransitive verb) or amō, amāre, amāvī, ...
Tim's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
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Translating "I came, I saw, I cried" in Latin for a yearbook quote

I am searching for a yearbook quote, and had the idea of modifying the quote "Veni vidi vici", by replacing the last verb with "I cried". Having searched, online, I have found the ...
Juju1234's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
122 views

To Latin, what is the gender of an English word?

Suppose one writes, in English, a sentence in which some Latin is embedded, such as Eventually, they declared the rodent to be a squirrel non grata in their garden. Of course this alludes to the ...
user570286's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
114 views

Does the old English second person verb ending -est (eg thou comest) come from Latin conjugation?

I feel like the question has all the information but yeah I'm just curious if the Latin verb endings influenced the old English -est endings.
hive's user avatar
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5 votes
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Is there a latin helper word that can used with infinitives (and implies that the subsequent word may be an infinitive)?

As I'm working on vocabulary, I'm doing all I can on my flashcards to stay "in Latin" as much as possible (as opposed to English translations), and also to use as much "natural" ...
Josh's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
102 views

Declensions and Conjugations in Latin

I have noticed that in charts parsing the Declensions and Conjugations of Latin words, that the words are sometimes parsed with what looks like multiple options. For example, if you take the root &...
Display name's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
279 views

Vowel Quantity in Third Person Plural of Passive Voice

Cārī collēgae, The third person plural of the passive voice in the present stem has a peculiarity that I noticed a couple of weeks ago (far later than I should have, I might add) and have been curious ...
Emma Neureiter's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
597 views

Why does the length of a vowel before verb endings change?

I'm learning Latin and I see that the stem I am supposed to add things onto keeps changing from long to short and back again. For example, take teneō, tenēre, tenuī, tentum. As I see the present ...
John Matthew's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
313 views

Best conjugation for memento vivere or viveri

Memento vivere or viveri, as a complementary phrase (not necessary an opposite) to memento mori?
user11680's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
233 views

Helpful tips for the learning of latin verbs

I have lately begun learning latin (about two-three months in) and have thus far memorised all the noun and adjective declensions. But the task of committing to memory and understanding sufficiently ...
Jack's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
152 views

“Itis” Versus “Is” in Latin

I am learning Latin on Duolingo, and the app does not clarify when to use “itis” and when to use “is”. They both mean “to go”, for the second person singular in present tense. Clarification would be ...
ArthD21's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
107 views

Why "inscripserim" and not "inscripsi" in Haury's translation of "Le Petit Prince"?

Haury's translation of the dedication of "Le Petit Prince" begins like this: Pueros oro ut mihi ignoscant quod librum hunc ad adultum hominem inscripserim. I don't get why we have a ...
user avatar
6 votes
0 answers
75 views

Paradigm of (reduplicated) "fhefhaked"?

Do we have any reasonable speculations about a possible paradigm of archaic fhefhaked? I found an unreduplicated paradigm on Wikipedia, but I cannot judge its validity: 1st Sing. *fēkai 2nd Sing. ...
Cerberus's user avatar
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9 votes
1 answer
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On the basis of "Veni, vidi, vici" is "Veni, bibi, oblidi" remotely correct?

When using Google Translate or eprevodilac from Latin to English, both tools translate the following phrases as shown: Veni, vidi, vici → I came, I saw, I conquered (Google Translate) Veni, vidi, ...
pdeli's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
172 views

Use of passive verb in "Echō iuvenem sēcrētō sequitur"

In chapter XIII of Latin Via Ovid, the authors have the following sentences (bolding is mine): Ōlim Narcissus cum cēteris iuvenibus animālia fera in silvīs et montibus sequitur. Forte sōlus errat, et ...
Adam's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
156 views

What happened to the expected -ε- thematic vowel in present active indicative 1 p sg and 3 p pl?

I am trying to understand how Greek verbs are formed, having just begun learning their formation in present active indicative. The model verb used is λύω, which I understand to be formed as such: ...
Canned Man's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
145 views

What are the verb conjugation names called in Latin?

What are the terms in Latin for the Latin verb conjugations? I would like to also know the Latin for the mixed conjugation (or if preferred that known as the io sub conjugation) and any term for verbs ...
fantome's user avatar
  • 332
0 votes
0 answers
80 views

Does the PPA occur in a periphrastic form? [duplicate]

Can you put a PPA in a periphrastic construction, with a form of esse? I was working on the periphrastic declension of the future active parts and the future passive parts. Now it occurred to me: ...
Johannes Kwadraat's user avatar
7 votes
3 answers
292 views

Is it possible to have an imperative feel without using the imperative form of a verb?

In English, we can have a sentence that doesn't include a verb but is taken as a directive. Consider the following phrase from the HBO television show, Carnivale: Every prophet in his house. In the ...
Adam's user avatar
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11 votes
3 answers
1k views

Parsing "quae cum audisset"

I'm having trouble parsing the phrase "quae cum audisset," which I've seen translated as "when [subject] heard" or "and when [subject] heard" in the latin vulgate. For ...
Josh's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
128 views

Is there an alternative way to label verb conjugations?

Similar to my question about labeling declensions by something other than just numbers, is there a way to describe the four groups of regular conjugations using something other than just numbers? The ...
Adam's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
380 views

Is quod too ambiguous for "that which"?

I'm trying to write a variation of Ovid's phrase "Omnia mutantur, nihil interit" — "Everything changes, nothing perishes". So far I've came up with "quod mutat, non pereat&...
cvsguimaraes's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
182 views

Fourth conjugation imperfect -e

in the fourth conjugation imperfect after the stem and before the imperfect indicator there is -e. e .g. audi + e + ba +t. Where this -e comes from?
Dachi Pachulia's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
73 views

What is the difference between passive and past participle?

Is there a semantic difference between a past participle followed by esse and a passive verb? Example. Roma destructa est. / Roma destruitur.
user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
132 views

Conjugating confluo for app title

I have a software product called Continua. I want to make another with a title like Confluo. What are some reasonable variants of that word for this purpose — confluere, etc.? I'm feeling like it ...
dwn's user avatar
  • 133
12 votes
1 answer
527 views

Numbering of persons

It is conventional to number the three persons of Latin and Greek and many other languages so that the first person is the speaker, the second one is the listener, and the third one is anyone else. ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
146 views

When conjugating a verb, when should the vowel preceding a personal ending contain a macron? [duplicate]

I am working through ch 1 of Wheelock's Latin, and I am confused as to when the vowel immediately preceding a personal ending should receive a macron. For example, here is the present indicative ...
zacts's user avatar
  • 113
4 votes
1 answer
159 views

Should I learn the four conjugations?

So I did well in my Latin GCSE this year but we just learned that -o is first person, -s is second person, etc. But I had a closer look at the textbook today and it lists verbs in four conjugations ...
Owl's user avatar
  • 677
2 votes
0 answers
75 views

Contraction of the v-perfect in the first person singular

When there is talk about the v-perfect contraction, I don't ever see first person forms used as examples, only forms like "amavisti" becoming "amasti". So my question is whether first person singular ...
Kaskade's user avatar
  • 121
5 votes
1 answer
2k views

May they rest in peace

This may become an inscription written on a historical marker commemorating a mass grave. Which of the following is correct: Requiesce in Pace or Requiescant in Pace? The former was offered up by a ...
Michael Owen Sartin's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
450 views

What evidence points to a long ō in the first syllable of nōscō's present-tense form?

I've read in various sources that the verb nosco 'know' had a long vowel in the first syllable in Classical Latin pronunciation: nōscō [noːskoː]. I'm wondering what the linguistic evidence is for the ...
Asteroides's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
233 views

What evidence is there for volēre over volere?

In this answer, fdb mentions the Classical verb volō, velle transforming into *voleō, volēre in Vulgar Latin. The main evidence for this is a form volendi in Augustine and reflexes like voglio, volere ...
Draconis's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
228 views

Second vs. third person in future imperative for a general rule or maxim

I am trying to translate "plan [in order] to achieve" into Latin. Is it more appropriate to use second ("meditator ut consequaris") or third person ("meditator ut consequatur") in future imperative ...
Yuriy's user avatar
  • 73
4 votes
0 answers
83 views

Alternative forms in second-person singular present active subjunctive [duplicate]

I am trying to translate "plan [in order] to achieve" into Latin. From the dictionary it looks like both "meditator ut consequaris" and "meditator ut consequare" are grammatically correct. Are they, ...
Yuriy's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
200 views

Is it better to memorize verb's 1st person perfect tense?

Is it necessary to memorize verb's perfect form like paro, parare, paravi? Or can I predict a verb's perfect forms if I remember the rules by which perfect stems are formed. Like, the suffix -v/iv or ...
vinum's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
91 views

What do I do when "ait" fails me?

In a separate answer, I was trying to use ait in an English sentence: If the Lex Julia can ait its wording… …but I ran into a problem. Even ignoring my bastard mixture of English and Latin, "can ...
Draconis's user avatar
  • 67.6k
3 votes
2 answers
110 views

Is ulcantur a subjunctive of ultus?

I have a prayer I say every morning. It includes the word ulcantur. I can't find a translation. I think it is a subjunctive for ultus? O Piisima Virgo Maria, quæ caput serpentis contrivisti, protege ...
Maria O'connell's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
378 views

Why "amatus est" instead of "*amavitur"

Is there any diachronic reason whereby synthetic perfective passive forms like *amavitur (and similar ones) are not possible and analytic forms like amatus est (and similar ones) are selected instead? ...
Mitomino's user avatar
  • 8,911
3 votes
1 answer
99 views

Are there Latin verbs with Greek cognates in all four conjugations?

Off the top of my head, I can think of a few Latin verbs with obvious Greek cognates: pherō~ferō "to bear", pheugō~fugiō "to flee". But all the words I can think of are in the third conjugation. Are ...
Draconis's user avatar
  • 67.6k
8 votes
1 answer
189 views

Is the U long or short in the forms ussi and ustus of the verb ūro?

I'm uncertain about the length of the u in the perfect and perfect passive participle stems of the verb uro /uːroː/. My research Lewis (1890) gives "ūrō ūssī, ūstus" but doesn't explain why....
Asteroides's user avatar
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6 votes
2 answers
6k views

How to find the stem of any word?

I am wondering if the stem of every word has an exact form? For example: For the word genus, how could you determine is it gen or gener? For the word līber, how could you determine is it līber or ...
zzzgoo's user avatar
  • 297
6 votes
2 answers
268 views

Did the Romans create any irregular verbs?

Most newly-formed Latin verbs were put into the nice, regular first conjugation: both deriving from existing words (dīcō, -ere > dīctō, -āre) and with borrowings (Graecissō, -āre). English is mostly ...
Draconis's user avatar
  • 67.6k
3 votes
3 answers
198 views

How to do indefinite person with verbs

In English you can conjugate like so: I eat You eat He/she/it eats We eat You all eat They eat But you can also conjugate with a variety of “indefinite” pronouns: One eats Everyone ...
TheIronKnuckle's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
106 views

Conjugation/grammar for fictitious title

In a work of fiction, I have an Order of ordained detectives that do not exist. I use the term Lictor Rebus Sanctorae for the Order, and Lictor Rebus Sanctorus for the male protagonist. I know this ...
Michael Page Frank's user avatar