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1 answer
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Can the subjunctive alone form a conditional's protasis?

The usual form of a Latin indicative sentence predicated on a condition is "Si V-ind, V-ind." The "Si V-ind" is the protasis and the "V-ind" is the apodosis. There is ...
Daniel T's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
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What are the differences between conditional and proviso clauses?

In Keller's Learn to Read Latin: The conjunction dum, sometimes strengthened by the adverb modo, "only", may introduce a subordinate clause stating a provision under which the event of the ...
Tim's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
278 views

How would one express this type of conditional in Latin?

Out of optimism, stupidity or both I am attempting to translate Alice in Wonderland into Latin. I just came across this bit: “Well!” thought Alice to herself, “after such a fall as this, I shall ...
mike rodent's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
237 views

Present vs. perfect tense in potential conditions

Potential conditions, in the English speaking world also known under the name “future less vivid” (for a critique of that particular term, see here), are conditional sentences that talk about supposed ...
Sebastian Koppehel's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
165 views

If you do something long enough

In my answer to this recent question, I translated "when you look long into the abyss, the abyss also looks into you" as: si diu voraginem intuitus eris, etiam vorago te intuebitur. That is, ...
Sebastian Koppehel's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
146 views

Oblique cases and 'si quis'

It is convenient to formulate conditions with si quis, for example: Si quis me audiet canentem, non gaudebit. If anyone hears me singing, they will not enjoy it. Here the same unnamed person is the ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
134 views

Subjunctive Protasis and Aorist Indicative Apodosis

ἐὰν μή τις μένῃ ἐν ἐμοί, ἐβλήθη ἔξω ὡς τὸ κλῆμα ... (John 15:6) μένῃ is present subjunctive and ἐβλήθη is aorist indicative. In many grammar books, there are two types of conditional sentence which ...
Ali Nikzad's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
90 views

Imposing Conditions On The Conditional

North & Hillard p.157: Footnote (1): "Moreover in Impossible Conditions, if the verb of the apodosis is possum, debeo, oportet, or a gerundive (or any verb expressing obligation or possibility), ...
tony's user avatar
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4 votes
0 answers
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Wondering how to translate imperfect subjunctives (in a conditional sentence)

I have to translate this sentence for homework: si verba patris a liberis non audita essent, timerent. I believe the verb form in both the protasis and apodosis is imperfect subjunctive. I am ...
TheIronKnuckle's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
165 views

Irreal condition expressed by a prepositional phrase

In English one can say: Without you I would not be here. This is roughly the same thing as: If you had not helped, I would not be here. The exact wording depends on context. In the second ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
800 views

Translation of would

I found some examples of conditional clauses whose translation may include the word "would". They are: Si Marcus Iuliam amet, ea eum amet. If Marcus should [perhaps ever some day] love Julia, she ...
Alfie González's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
707 views

What if...? (Interrogative conditionals)

In English, "what if...?" is a succinct way to ask what would happen if some counterfactual happened to be true. Is there an idiomatic equivalent in Latin? The sequence of tenses gives plenty of ...
Draconis's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
89 views

Greek: syntax of dilemmas in the past

I want to find out how Greek expresses the protases of conditions like the following: What was I to do? If I remained in Athens I would be killed; if I left, I would lose all my property. This is ...
TKR's user avatar
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6 votes
3 answers
628 views

What does a "si" clause followed by a "nisi" clause mean?

In the Vulgate Bible, I came across this sentence. Vivit Dominus Deus Israel, in cuius conspectu sto, si erit annis his ros et pluvia, nisi iuxta oris mei verba. [As] the Lord God of Israel lives, in ...
ktm5124's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
116 views

Can a relative adjective begin a conditional statement in Attic Greek?

In my textbook, there's a chapter on conditional relative clauses, in which it explains how relative pronouns and adverbs, especially when they are indefinite, can form the protasis of a conditional ...
ktm5124's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
276 views

Verb forms after "tamquam si"

In Suetonius's Vita Horati, a letter from Augustus to Horace is quoted, which includes the sentence: Sume tibi aliquid iuris apud me, tamquam si convictor mihi fueris. The Loeb translation gives: "...
TKR's user avatar
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