Questions tagged [conditions]

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4
votes
0answers
40 views

Wondering how to translate imperfect subjunctives (in a conditional sentence)

I have to translate this sentence for homework: si verba patris a liberis non audita essent, timerent. I believe the verb form in both the protasis and apodosis is imperfect subjunctive. I am ...
5
votes
2answers
91 views

Irreal condition expressed by a prepositional phrase

In English one can say: Without you I would not be here. This is roughly the same thing as: If you had not helped, I would not be here. The exact wording depends on context. In the second ...
7
votes
1answer
75 views

Translation of would

I found some examples of conditional clauses whose translation may include the word "would". They are: Si Marcus Iuliam amet, ea eum amet. If Marcus should [perhaps ever some day] love Julia, she ...
7
votes
1answer
212 views

What if…? (Interrogative conditionals)

In English, "what if...?" is a succinct way to ask what would happen if some counterfactual happened to be true. Is there an idiomatic equivalent in Latin? The sequence of tenses gives plenty of ...
4
votes
1answer
71 views

Greek: syntax of dilemmas in the past

I want to find out how Greek expresses the protases of conditions like the following: What was I to do? If I remained in Athens I would be killed; if I left, I would lose all my property. This is ...
6
votes
3answers
231 views

What does a “si” clause followed by a “nisi” clause mean?

In the Vulgate Bible, I came across this sentence. Vivit Dominus Deus Israel, in cuius conspectu sto, si erit annis his ros et pluvia, nisi iuxta oris mei verba. [As] the Lord God of Israel ...
2
votes
1answer
72 views

Can a relative adjective begin a conditional statement in Attic Greek?

In my textbook, there's a chapter on conditional relative clauses, in which it explains how relative pronouns and adverbs, especially when they are indefinite, can form the protasis of a conditional ...
7
votes
1answer
101 views

Verb forms after “tamquam si”

In Suetonius's Vita Horati, a letter from Augustus to Horace is quoted, which includes the sentence: Sume tibi aliquid iuris apud me, tamquam si convictor mihi fueris. The Loeb translation gives: "...