Questions tagged [aorist]

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7 votes
2 answers
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What is the semantic difference between the present and aorist forms of the Greek imperative?

I think I have a good working knowledge of what generally differentiates the ancient Greek aorist and present stems semantically. However, when it comes to imperatives, I am sometimes at a loss, ...
Vegawatcher's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
93 views

Subjunctive αἰδέσεται rather than αἰδέσηται?

Homer several times uses the subjunctive αἰδέσεται. I would have expected this to be αἰδέσηται, and wiktionary agrees with me. I guess the lack of an augmented initial vowel is a hint that this is a ...
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3 votes
1 answer
115 views

What's going on with ablaut in forms like ἔβην, βῆναι, φανῆναι?

Verb forms like ἔβην, βῆν, βῆναι, and φανῆναι seem to have some ablaut going on. My understanding of the phonological rules of ablaut in ancient Greek is from Pharr, 4th ed., p. 277, along with the ...
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5 votes
1 answer
129 views

Subjunctive Protasis and Aorist Indicative Apodosis

ἐὰν μή τις μένῃ ἐν ἐμοί, ἐβλήθη ἔξω ὡς τὸ κλῆμα ... (John 15:6) μένῃ is present subjunctive and ἐβλήθη is aorist indicative. In many grammar books, there are two types of conditional sentence which ...
Ali Nikzad's user avatar
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8 votes
1 answer
218 views

A question about accentuation for aorist infinitives

I am learning classical Attic Greek at college, and we recently saw that, in a departure from the typical recessiveness of verbs, the accents for aorist infinitives always falls on the penult ...
healynr's user avatar
  • 335
5 votes
2 answers
494 views

What are the θη-future and θη-aorist?

I see on quite a few resources tenses referred as θη-future or θη-aorist and I don't understand what it exactly means. Are θη-future and θη-aorist another way to say future passive and aorist ...
Alexandre Daubricourt's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
290 views

Irregular aorist imperative from ἔχω

Why does ἔχω exhibit a 2 s. aorist imperative σχές instead of what I would expect to be σχέ ? Do other verbs do this, or is this peculiar to this verb?
MPW's user avatar
  • 393
10 votes
1 answer
757 views

Is there an aoristic-perfective distinction in the Latin perfect?

I have just recently learned that the perfect tense in Latin can serve also as an aorist tense as well as a perfect tense and that the perfect tense in Latin is simply the result of the original Proto-...
Ethan Bierlein's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
226 views

Different ways to accent active aorist infinitives ending in 'αι' (Greek)

I have noticed that active aorist infinitives ending in 'αι' may be accented in three different ways in Attic Greek, as follows (all from wiktionary.org): As if the final 'αι' were short: ...
Catomic's user avatar
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8 votes
1 answer
504 views

Should the phrase "I often saw" use the imperfect or the aorist in Greek?

I'm translating a sentence in my textbook from English to Greek, and that sentence uses the phrase I often saw. For copyright reasons, I'm going to create a new sentence using this phrase. On this ...
ktm5124's user avatar
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