Skip to main content

Questions tagged [adverb]

For questions about adverbs.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
4 votes
0 answers
80 views

Is there a difference between the -im and -o adverbs?

Some adverbs end in -im and others in -o. For example, there is the adverb furtim and then the (same?) adverb furto, which both apparently mean secretely or stealthily. Is there any difference between ...
Tyler Durden's user avatar
  • 7,001
2 votes
2 answers
142 views

Is μάλα (mala, adv.) derived or cognate with some adjective?

In Attic Greek, μάλα is an adverb meaning "very, very much, exceedingly." Is it derived from some adjective, or is there an adjective that is its cognate? Is μακρός (makros) the adjective? ...
Tim's user avatar
  • 1,167
2 votes
1 answer
165 views

Adverb used as an adjective? avare

In Martial, there is a line Erras, meorum fur avare librorum... and it seems that avare is an adverb but this makes no sense since the intention seems to be modifying fur in which case I would have ...
Tyler Durden's user avatar
  • 7,001
4 votes
1 answer
231 views

What's the meaning of "paulum satis" in this sentence?

I've found the following sentence in an exercise (pensum A) at the end of chapter XXVI of Lingua latina per se illustrata. Familia Romana: Paulum satis est ad beātē vīvendum. I don't understand the ...
Charo's user avatar
  • 2,092
3 votes
2 answers
190 views

How would you say "I have been to Croatia numerous times." in Latin?

"I've been to Croatia once." would, if I am not mistaken, be "Fui in Croatia semel.". "I've been to Croatia two times." would be "Fui in Croatia bis.". "...
FlatAssembler's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
139 views

Odyssey A.65: how is περὶ used in περὶ νόον ἐστὶ βροτῶν, περὶ δ᾿ ἱρὰ θεοῖσιν // ἀθανάτοισιν ἔδωκε?

The use of περὶ in verse 65 of Odyssey A is not entirely clear to me, neither in syntax nor in meaning: πῶς ἂν ἔπειτ᾿ Ὀδυσῆος ἐγὼ θείοιο λαθοίμην, ὃς περὶ μὲν νόον ἐστὶ βροτῶν, περὶ δ᾿ ἱρὰ θεοῖσιν ...
Cerberus's user avatar
  • 20k
2 votes
1 answer
247 views

Anyone know where "immorito" comes from?

Just checking since the dictionaria gugulabilia seem to (very occasionally) include immorito (glossed here as "causelessly"; here as "undeſervedly") but never whatever intermediate ...
lly's user avatar
  • 776
-5 votes
1 answer
153 views

Is qua an adverb or adjective?

Keller's Learn to Read Latin says quare (rel. or interrog. adv.) because of which thing; therefore; why The qua of the adverb quare may be either a relative adjective (see $86) -- "because of ...
Tim's user avatar
  • 1,167
5 votes
1 answer
162 views

Chosing between the different ways to make an adverb

I was thinking of translating “That is not dead which can eternal lie” into Latin for fun, thinking it was not only applicable to Cthulhu, but to the Latin language itself :) But I got stumped trying ...
Florianus's user avatar
  • 443
2 votes
1 answer
160 views

Is quam an adjective or adverb?

Keller's Learn to Read Latin says quam is a relative adjective or an interrogative adjective: The quam of the adverb quam ob rem may be either a relative adjective [see §86)-“on account of which ...
Tim's user avatar
  • 1,167
3 votes
0 answers
102 views

Understanding the idea of "also" (I am ready if you are)

Like my previous question about "once," another English concept that can be tricky and have multiple means is "also". So, for example, something can also happen (subsequent action),...
Tyler Durden's user avatar
  • 7,001
3 votes
1 answer
76 views

Ancient Greek - Adverb functions as Noun

Aristotle's Metaphysics, 994a,26-7: ἀεὶ γάρ ἐστι μεταξύ, ὥσπερ τοῦ εἶναι καὶ μὴ εἶναι γένεσις, οὕτω καὶ τὸ γιγνόμενον τοῦ ὄντος καὶ μὴ ὄντος Reeve's translation: for there is always an intermediate,...
Ali Nikzad's user avatar
  • 1,567
12 votes
2 answers
463 views

Can -que be used with adverbs?

If I wanted to say something like "I love you now and forever", can I use -que with one of the adverbs like I would with nouns? Nunc perpetuoque te amo. I tried searching various adverbs ...
Adam's user avatar
  • 8,612
5 votes
1 answer
541 views

What does the word "numquid" literally mean?

I have come across this word a few times in more later Latin texts. Would this word be merely synonymous with 'num' and 'quid' or is there a different shade of meaning that can be explained through a ...
VivatLinguaLatina's user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
756 views

Is "necesse" an adjective or an adverb

Introduction My enquiry arrises from a passage in “Lingua Latina Per Se Illustrata: Familia Romana” in its tenth chapter which is entitled “BESTIAE ET HOMINES” on its fifty-ninth line which is as ...
Mr. Blythe's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
290 views

Is there a difference in meaning between "reliquiis in locis" and "alibi"?

Caesar wrote in De Bello Gallico: "Ea nascuntur alces, animalia quae reliquis in locis visa non sint.". Why didn't he simply write "alibi" there? Is there a difference in meaning? ...
FlatAssembler's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
110 views

Are usquam, alicubi and uspiam synonyms?

Are usquam, alicubi and uspiam synonyms or are there differences between these words, for example in how they are used?
Tyler Durden's user avatar
  • 7,001
6 votes
1 answer
292 views

What does the adverb 'eò' in 'Surge modò, licebit vesperi eò maturiùs lectum petere' mean?

I found this passage in the colloquy 'Surrectio Matutina' from an old book containing colloquies by Erasmus, Vives and some Schottenius Hassus. The book is titled 'Familiaria colloquia, operâ ...
Marius Vivanconus Speluncus's user avatar
6 votes
4 answers
620 views

How to say "in a certain respect" in Latin?

How does one say the adverbial phrase "in a certain respect" or "in certain respects" in Latin? For example, would whatever under a certain condition is such-and-such, is such-and-...
Geremia's user avatar
  • 3,704
5 votes
1 answer
44 views

adhuc + negative clause: inclusive or exclusive of present?

Cdl. Cajetan's early 16th cen. commentary on an article of St. Thomas Aquinas's Summa Theologica: adhuc Romana Ecclesia coram Summo Pontifice non utitur [organum]. until now the Roman Church does not ...
Geremia's user avatar
  • 3,704
4 votes
2 answers
864 views

What is the difference in meaning between `nil` and `non` in "Primum non nocere"?

The wikipedia entry for "Primum non nocere" mentions that it's sometimes written as "Primum nil nocere". I realize the shade of difference is probably pretty fine, but is one of ...
user101289's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
201 views

Is "evidenter" the correct translation for "obviously!"?

I've searched the forum but found no answer to my question. How would one say obviously in Latin? As in answering a question with a "it's option b, obviously!" Online dictionaries have given ...
Iza's user avatar
  • 51
4 votes
1 answer
149 views

Can intus be the object of a preposition?

In the following sentence from Wisdom 17:12, intus appears to be used as the object of a preposition: dum ab intus minor est exspectatio, maiorem computat inscientiam eius causae, quae tormentum ...
Expedito Bipes's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
170 views

Why would adhuc be used at the beginning of a situation?

My knowledge of adhuc is that it is typically used in the context of some continuing action. For example, in the story of Perseus, it reads: [Acrisius] autem ubi Perseum vīdit, magnō terrōre affectus ...
Tyler Durden's user avatar
  • 7,001
3 votes
1 answer
611 views

The difference between "ante" and "antequam"

Not sure I can discern the crux of the difference between antequam and ante (According to L&S (II.B.1.a vs II.B.2), ante might be used with verbs, like antequam). In other words, in what occasions ...
d_e's user avatar
  • 11.2k
7 votes
2 answers
782 views

Subjunctive with adverb “quam”

Passage: “Quam autem civitati carus fuerit, maerore funeris indicatum est.” Cic. Amic. 11 My translation in English: «Moreover, how dear he was to the citizenry was indicated by the grief of his ...
Felix Nescienti's user avatar
10 votes
2 answers
495 views

Is it "bene videtur" or "bonum videtur"? Adjective or adverb with verbs/copulae meaning "seem"

With verbs like "seem, appear", one sometimes uses an adverb to express how something appears ("she looked well"), at other times an adjective ("he seemed angry"). How did the Romans do it, ...
Cerberus's user avatar
  • 20k
6 votes
1 answer
598 views

Could an adjective be used like an adverb in Latin?

As a general rule, could an adjective be used like an adverb in Latin? What would be some exceptions?
Quidam's user avatar
  • 1,776
4 votes
1 answer
189 views

Grammatical analysis of comparative parts (i.e. "tam … quam", etc.)

I have the following sentence from Seneca, epistula 1, §2: "Cum placuerit fieri, toto illum pectore admitte; tam audaciter cum illo loquere quam tecum." However, I'm not sure what the "tam audaciter ...
Niels Thogersen's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
658 views

"Semper" in the beginning of a sentence

This is my first attempt at a translation for a motto. My intent is to convey "Always be good" as an advice. I think it is "Semper bonus esto". A quick digression on the motto I'm ...
rvcam's user avatar
  • 73
4 votes
2 answers
549 views

Is *digne* an adverb in the "Munda cor meum" prayer?

Below is one of the prayers which the priest says before reading the Gospel in the Tridentine Mass. Munda cor meum, ac labia mea, omnípotens Deus, qui labia Isaíæ Prophétæ cálculo mundásti igníto: ...
Pascal's Wager's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
578 views

Latin etymology of Spanish "tarde"

In Spanish, the word "tarde" has two different meanings: The part of the day between noon and dusk. Equivalent to the English noun "afternoon". Happening after the due, usual, or proper time. ...
Charlie's user avatar
  • 2,219
6 votes
2 answers
389 views

How often is "et" used as an adverb, and what might distinguish that usage?

The conjunction et, in addition to its common use as a coordinating conjunction meaning and, can also be used adverbially, encompassing similar meanings as those found in words like etiam, item, etc. ...
Ethan Bierlein's user avatar
12 votes
1 answer
194 views

Ūtāturne linguā Latīnā aliquis adverbō «ferē» velut linguā Anglicā verbō «almost» ūtimur?

Linguā Anglicā, saepe cum multīs adverbīs atque adiectīvīs, plūrima quōrum significātiōnēs absolūtās habent (exempla sunt «always» vel «everything» vel «nothing» vel «never», et cētera), adverbō «...
Ethan Bierlein's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
2k views

How do extra and ultra compare?

The adverbs (and prepositions) extra and ultra are somewhat similar but not identical. While I can read the two dictionary entries and get an idea what they mean, I don't feel that I fully grasp how ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
10 votes
1 answer
207 views

Which adverbs of possibility and probability warrant the subjunctive?

On my previous question (thus begins the chain) I wrote a comment saying "Illa est bona idea. Fortasse rogem cras." I used the subjunctive because I take "fortasse" to mean "maybe", which to me ...
ktm5124's user avatar
  • 12k
3 votes
3 answers
140 views

Does this adverb phrase apply to one or both verbs separated by 'vel'?

The quote below is from the Instituta Patrum de modo psallendi, an anonymous Carolingian or more likely High Medieval document on singing psalms in Gregorian chant. (I've seen one commenter on this ...
Coemgenus's user avatar
  • 752
23 votes
4 answers
2k views

Why do some Latin adverbs have accent on the last syllable?

In the opening chapter of De Musica (written 387-391), St. Augustine gives an example of a Latin oxytone, i.e. a word with accentual stress on the ultimate syllable: MASTER: Now when we pronounce ...
Coemgenus's user avatar
  • 752
13 votes
3 answers
2k views

What is an Adverbial Accusative?

In book II, line 141 of Vergil's Aeneid (shown at the end of the question), my notes describe the first word 'quod' as an 'adverbial accusative', but no explanation as to what that means. So my ...
Cataline's user avatar
  • 929
6 votes
1 answer
181 views

zelotypos quam Karus

From this question, I'm curious what the poet is doing with quam Karus: Sic fugiens, dux, zelotypos quam Karus haberis. Thus fleeing, O leader, you are regarded with jealousy like Karus. Imagery ...
cmw's user avatar
  • 55.5k
5 votes
1 answer
102 views

Which case to use with posthinc?

L&S mentions that abhinc can be used with either accusative or ablative. But no use guidance is given for posthinc. Can I use both accusative and ablative to express the length of time, or only ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
12 votes
1 answer
4k views

How do you say "perhaps" or "maybe"?

I have a very good guess about how to say "perhaps" or "maybe". But I suspect there are several ways of saying it, with varying degrees of certainty. I wanted to get a better idea. ...
ktm5124's user avatar
  • 12k
7 votes
1 answer
165 views

Do adverbs derived from iste have a pejorative tone?

I would call the pronoun iste a "second person demonstrative pronoun"1, meaning roughly "that thing near you". It can also have a pejorative tone, implying that the speaker does not approve of the ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
124 views

Adverb for approximate numbers

In classical Latin, what is the best adverb for describing approximate numbers? If several work well, are there any differences? I mean saying things like "I have about ten euros". I would translate ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
351 views

What is the exact translation of 'solummodo'?

What is the exact meaning of 'solummodo'? I take it is an adverb, perhaps? Encountered this in new Latin, more precisely in Spinoza's Ethics. It is translated as 'only', but it is not in my dictionary,...
Aili J.'s user avatar
  • 1,169
4 votes
1 answer
224 views

When did plus and minus start to mean mathematical operations?

The Latin adverbs plus and minus mean "more" and "less". They are also neuter compatative adjectives. In all languages I know these two words are used for mathematical the operations of addition and ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
9 votes
1 answer
2k views

What is the difference between plus and magis?

The dictionaries I have checked give translations for both plus and magis, and they seem to have a different tone. However, I have found no comparison between the two. They both mean "more" one way or ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
160 views

A few questions on a sentence from Thucydides (Peloponnesian War 6.68)

I'm having trouble with this short passage from Thucydides: παραστήτω δέ τινι καὶ τόδε, πολύ τε ἀπὸ τῆς ἡμετέρας αὐτῶν εἶναι καὶ πρὸς γῇ οὐδεμιᾷ φιλίᾳ, ἥντινα μὴ αὐτοὶ μαχόμενοι κτήσεσθε. ...
ktm5124's user avatar
  • 12k
6 votes
1 answer
194 views

Can the adverb nunc be used in apposition?

For a textbook exercise, I translated this sentence from English into Latin. The terrified Callisto, now a wild animal, avoided men and beasts (animals). (Latin via Ovid) Here's my ...
ktm5124's user avatar
  • 12k
7 votes
2 answers
567 views

What do the words "tunc tantum" mean together?

Pope Francis tweeted on September 21st, Sermonem confero cum aliquo sincerum tunc tantum agnosco illum esse donum Dei mihique aliquid pretiosum dicturum. Here is my translation. (Credits to Keith ...
ktm5124's user avatar
  • 12k