Questions tagged [abbreviations]

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Abbreviation I haven’t seen before

Salve! In a book from 1483 there is an abbreviation or glyph I have never seen before. As the book is in Latin, I figured LatinSE was the place to ask. Has anyone ever seen this, and—more importantly—...
Pierre Paquette's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
166 views

Reading the motto of Obispado de Cuenca

There is a line of Latin handwriting on the logo of Obispado de Cuenca. What I can read is ego. julianus. dei gra coch(?) eps. with unknown diacritics. julianus is seemingly Julián de Cuenca, a ...
Kotoba Trily Ngian's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
955 views

What does „fecerunt pedes“ mean in Latin inscriptions?

I have found several inscriptions in Latin that include the phrase „fecerunt/fecit pedes“ E.g. in the Basilica Sant‘Eufemia in Grado, Italy: Martini/anus et Simplicia / cum fili/is suis / f(ecerunt) ...
Samuelis Grisseldis's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
64 views

Any idea what's going on with the middle term of this dedication?

So I think the words are clear enough—Nobilissimo Principi FREDERICO GEORGII ffilio Celsissimi, GEORGII Nep: Augustissimi, CAESARI destinato, M. BRITANNIAE spei, Delicijs, Animaq. desideratissimae, ...
lly's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
73 views

What is going on with the symbol in the weight here?

So this is an image from William Musgrave's account of the Southbroom Hoard discovered outside Devizes, Wiltshire, in England in 1714. They seem to be some local's cache hidden away around the reign ...
lly's user avatar
  • 776
6 votes
1 answer
307 views

Is S. S. an abbreviation of scilicet?

I'm translating the following Latin dedication: "S. S. Theologiae Lectori Primario ad Regium Gymnasium" "S. S." might be an abbreviation for scilicet (namely, to wit, in particular)...
FEV's user avatar
  • 61
4 votes
1 answer
85 views

Expansion of medical Latin abbreviation (ventric. later. dextr.)

I don't know enough Latin grammar to properly expand this abbreviation: ventric. later. dextr. I am aware that it means the right lateral ventricle in the brain, the lateral ventricles as a whole ...
meide's user avatar
  • 399
3 votes
0 answers
75 views

16th century Latin (England) Transcription/Translation of Recipe for Braggot

I study how mead was made (and what it tasted like!) before about 1750 CE. I am not a linguist, and acknowledge my rudimentary knowledge of Latin grammar/tenses/etc. (learning all the time). I’m ...
Laura Angotti's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
609 views

Latin date abbreviation meanings

I've hit a bit of a stumbling block with the translation of two dates written in Latin. Could anyone please confirm the meanings of the abbreviations in the below image? I believe they simply are ...
cwgalli's user avatar
  • 83
6 votes
1 answer
404 views

I with superscript ma

There is a footnote (45-35) in (Milman's 1845) Gibbon that looks like this: See Brenkman, Dissert. Ima de Republicâ Amalphitanâ, pp.1-42, ad calcem Hist. Pandect. Florent. I have not been able to ...
vr8ce's user avatar
  • 307
3 votes
1 answer
147 views

Identifying a Latin abbreviation/symbol

While transcribing and translating some late 17th century Manorial Court rolls I have come across a frequently recurring symbol. I've referred to Capelli's The elements of abbreviation in medieval ...
ColeValleyGirl's user avatar
11 votes
2 answers
2k views

Does the abbreviation “ſ.” in this 1755 work mean “sine”?

For an answer on the RPG Stack, I’m trying to read some entries in Medicinisch-Chymisch und Alchemistisches Oraculum, a 1755 German work whose entries are in Latin. I’m stuck on these two entries: ...
KRyan's user avatar
  • 631
6 votes
3 answers
1k views

A short form for «as (it-) is»?

May there be an acronym, an abbreviation for the term «as is», «as it is»? The context the term used: to leave as it is, remain unchanged. P.S.: Found a word stet, which translates to let it stand.
user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
74 views

What does "Mus. Reg. Gall." stand for?

Gibbon, at the end of a note detailing the imprinting on a medal, has "(Mus. Reg. Gall.)". I have found other references outside Gibbon, and have gotten (maybe) as far as "Mus. Regis ...
vr8ce's user avatar
  • 307
0 votes
3 answers
209 views

Encoding abbreviated 'quod' in Unicode

This example comes from a 16th century treatise printed in Poland. It's known from a published transcription that it means 'quod'. The question is what is the last character of the abbreviation. On ...
Janusz S. Bień's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
257 views

Transcription of 3 latin lines in Dutch medieval manuscript

Hi Latin Stackexchange for my masters thesis I am transcribing a 16th century Dutch manuscript about alchemy. On folio 172r there are some Latin words and a Latin sentence. Can someone help me ...
LooselySubtle's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
112 views

What is "Vet." or "Veter." an abbreviation for in these references?

Gibbon references "Panegyric Vet." or "Panegyric Veter." a few times in DandF's notes, e.g. the orator Eumenius (Panegyric Veter. viii 6, or Panegyr. Vet. v 18. The Panegyric is ...
vr8ce's user avatar
  • 307
15 votes
1 answer
2k views

Abbreviations used by Romans in their inscriptions

While watching a documentary, I came across this Roman tombstone of three Jewish freedmen (below is the image): The expanded transcription available online is, L(ucius) Valerius L(uci) l(ibertus) ...
CCCC's user avatar
  • 307
8 votes
2 answers
755 views

what does the abbreviation "h. l." (or "h. 1.") stand for?

In one of the footnotes in Popma's book, we read: Vocabulum hocce in genere neutro h. l. esse positum, testatur Erythraeus in Ind. Virgil. fol. 41. fac. 2. col b. I could not find Erythraeu's book ...
d_e's user avatar
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9 votes
1 answer
1k views

What does "tom. i." mean?

I'm seeing the following abbreviation in several book/manuscript citations, particularly in religious works, but I have no idea what the abbreviation means. From the context of where I'm finding it, I'...
Emily Jacobson's user avatar
18 votes
1 answer
3k views

What does the Latin abbreviation "A. O. R." stand for?

Lately I have come across what appears to be a Latin abbreviation, "A. O. R.," on several title pages of books from the eighteenth century. The abbreviation may have to do with the date, perhaps? Here'...
twoblackboxes's user avatar
9 votes
1 answer
517 views

Latin abbreviation "plagg."

used, e.g., here and here does it mean "pages"? how come? checked all the entries beginning with "plag" on Logeion and the only one that could possibly fit is plaga what's a good resource for ...
youdontknowme's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
117 views

Meaning of "M.H.P." on a grave marker?

In translating the Latin-text gravestone of an early 18th century Capuchin, I encounter "M.H.P." at the end of the epitaph, followed by "A.M.D.G." --for "Ad maiorem Dei gloriam". I suspect the M.H.P. ...
Ratna Shakya's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
2k views

Does "Op. cit." stand for "opus citatum" or "opere citato"?

Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary says "opere citato" American Heritage Dictionary, Collins and Oxford (at Lexico.com) say "opere citato" Merriam Webster Dictionary has an entry ...
Zebrafish's user avatar
  • 153
5 votes
1 answer
109 views

Translating part of the preface of the Clementine Vulgate

I wanted eliminate all acronyms from my digital copy of the Clementine Vulgate, when I came across this acronym: S.R.E, which I'm pretty sure it means Sancta Romana Ecclesia (Holy Church of Rome). Now,...
user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
348 views

What does a red v with a dot above mean in the Misal rico de Cisneros (Spain, 1518)?

What do the red v. mean? Manuscript: http://bdh-rd.bne.es/viewer.vm?id=12826&page=246 page 675 As stated in my other question, I've been making the manuscript into a font.
Fredrick Brennan's user avatar
10 votes
1 answer
1k views

What do three diagonal dots above a letter mean in the "Misal rico de Cisneros" (Spain, 1518)?

I can't seem to find this in any books about medieval scribal abbreviations. Manuscript: http://bdh-rd.bne.es/viewer.vm?id=12826&page=246 page 223/1613 They can be found all throughout the ...
Fredrick Brennan's user avatar
9 votes
1 answer
351 views

Why does the Misal rico de Cisneros uses the word "Qiſſa", and what is it supposed to mean? Why not "Miſſa" (Missa)?

The Misal rico de Cisneros, produced by archbishop Cisneros, the archbishop of Toledo, Spain, in the early sixteenth century, is a Latin Catholic missal also known as the Missale secundum ...
Fredrick Brennan's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
143 views

Did the Romans abbreviate the days of the week?

In current Spanish when we have to abbreviate the days of the week using only one character, in most places (but not everywhere) to tell apart martes (Tuesday) from miércoles (Wednesday) we use 'M' ...
Charlie's user avatar
  • 2,219
5 votes
2 answers
6k views

Why is there a Q in SPQR?

The abbreviation SPQR stands for Senatus PopulusQue Romanus. Why is the Q included, as there are only three words? Why isn't it just SPR? Or does SPQR stand for something else?
Nathaniel is protesting's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
72 views

A few questions about a Lobel-Page critical note

In a critical note by Lobel-Page, I read: κάλαις ὔμμιν cod. A, quo retento τὸ νόημ[μα] ci. Bekker. quod quamvis cum grammatici verbis aptius congruere videatur, tamen ob ν ἐφελκυστικόν positionem ...
MickG's user avatar
  • 3,275
7 votes
2 answers
593 views

What does "in eod." stand for?

I'm looking at the footnotes in John Jewel's ''Defence of the Apology of the Church of England'' and I see this abbreviation repeated in many citations: Marcellin. Condemn. in eod. Tom. I. p. 192, 4, ...
Quuxplusone's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
7k views

Abbreviation "D. O. M." on tombstones

To finish my Maltese question series before boarding a plane off the island, here is another question about Latin inscriptions in tombstones in St. John's co-cathedral at Valletta. In many tombs, ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
9 votes
3 answers
243 views

Medieval abbreviation for gens [actually, igitur]

I came across an abbreviation in a text that I'd like to typeset as diplomatically as possible, but I've come across an abbreviation for gens that I'm not entirely sure how it's being abbreviated (...
user0721090601's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
869 views

What does "Scat." stands for in Latin?

I found this prescription in which the word "Scat." is found. What does this abbreviation stand for? I've tried googling, and I found that in Latin there is a word "scatula" which means box. I'm ...
Ubiquitous Student's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
236 views

What does D.D.P. mean in this inscription? (see image)

I think I got the rest of the inscription figured out. It is a dedication to Marcus Aurelius. But what does the last abbreviation, D.D.P., stand for? The inscription is from a statue base in Caserma ...
Lisa Wilson Ravn's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
379 views

What is meant by "collateral" in dictionaries?

Lewis & Short often use the abbreviation collat., standing for collateral according to the appendix of abbreviations. An example: ŭtĕrus, i, m. (collat. form ŭter, Caecil. ap. Non. 188, 15; ...
Cerberus's user avatar
  • 19.8k
6 votes
1 answer
173 views

About scribal abbreviations and diacritics in digitalized book titles

In the Wiktionary entry about philematology, there is a reference to this book. The title is copied (AFAIK, but I can't load the picture in the previous link so…) as in the cover, that is: [Jacobus ...
MickG's user avatar
  • 3,275
11 votes
3 answers
268 views

What does J.S.J.P. stand for?

There is this title page of a "disputation" (a kind of academic thesis?), which begins with the abbreviation J.S.J.P. Because it is the first line, I would expect it to be some kind of benediction, ...
Cerberus's user avatar
  • 19.8k
52 votes
6 answers
35k views

Why is the Roman acronym SPQR and not SPR?

SPQR stands for "Senātus Populusque Rōmānus". It would be logical (at least in English or Spanish) to expect the initialism or acronym to be SPR. However, the first letter of the conjunction "-que" is ...
luchonacho's user avatar
  • 12.4k
9 votes
2 answers
388 views

Books of reading medieval Latin manuscripts

I would like to learn how to read medieval Latin manuscripts, but they often use abbreviations/shorthand. What are some books that would help me read these manuscripts?
Geremia's user avatar
  • 3,628
11 votes
1 answer
543 views

What does Q.B.V.D. stand for on the title page of a dissertation?

I have seen Q.B.V.D. as the first line of titles pages of academic dissertations, like this one: https://books.google.nl/books?id=YmpZAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA3&lpg=PA3&dq=Q.B.V.D&source=bl&...
Cerberus's user avatar
  • 19.8k
8 votes
2 answers
239 views

What does the Latin abbreviation "Form." stand for?

I came across a medal commemorating the coronation of Charles XV in 1860. The inscriptions on the medal are all in Latin. I am aware of a few latin abbreviations centered around the creators of medals ...
terminex9's user avatar
  • 397
5 votes
0 answers
265 views

Can Roman numerals stand for any kind of Latin numbers?

Latin has four classes of number words. Can Roman numerals (I, II, …) be used to for any class, or should they be restricted to, say, cardinals and ordinals? For example, can I abbreviate any ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
447 views

Medieval siglum/abbreviation: "z" symbol

Two problems in a glosserd Genesis from southern France. The topic is the double narrative of the Creation of Man. This problem is another siglum / abbreviation using ‘z’. In this case it is not ...
Hugh's user avatar
  • 8,673
14 votes
2 answers
1k views

Abbreviations in Latin dictionaries, especially Lewis and Short

When reading Lewis and Short online1, I have occasional trouble figuring out what the various abbreviations mean. This includes authors and their works, but, more importantly to me, also other ...
Joonas Ilmavirta's user avatar
12 votes
1 answer
1k views

What is the meaning of the abbreviations “h.e.” and “h.l.”?

In Novum Lexicon Graeco-Latinum in Novum Testamentum, Johann Friedrich Schleusner wrote the following entry on the Greek word νεόφυτος.1 In his entry, he uses two abbreviations, “h.e.” and “h.l.” ...
Der Übermensch's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
770 views

A medieval scribal abbreviation missing from Unicode?

Placita de quo Warranto is the 1806 printed transcription of latin legal texts from around 1300 written on vellum. There are many abbreviations. The 1806 document in its preface gives an example ...
emrys57's user avatar
  • 487
13 votes
3 answers
877 views

Is qsd an abbreviation for a Latin phrase?

This is a bit cheeky, but I'm trying to find out the meaning of what may be an 18th century abbreviation of a Latin phrase (for an answer to a question in EL&U.SE). Since I have no Latin, I've ...
Mick's user avatar
  • 231
10 votes
1 answer
331 views

The medieval abbreviation eccƚie

The abbreviation eccƚie is common in medieval latin texts, like this: which is from page 78 of Placita de quo Warranto. It can also be seen in this text and this text. There is a horizontal bar ...
emrys57's user avatar
  • 487