3

What is the syntax of ille in the sentence: "numquam est ille miser cui facile est mori"? I get that cui is indirect object, but what is the function of the demonstrative pronoun ille in the sentence?

  • I added the "Seneca" tag, since this sentence seems to come from his works; feel free to revert if this is wrong. – Draconis Mar 12 at 19:39
5

In this case, ille is the subject of the sentence: just generically "he", or "that man", or "that person" (since masculine gender is sort of a default in Latin), or even just "the one".

You can split this sentence in half to make translation easier. The first half, numqvam est ille miser, is a full sentence in and of itself: "that man is never miserable".

And who is "that man"? That's what the second half clarifies: …cui facile est mori "…for whom dying is easy". To make this a bit more idiomatic in English, I'd say "someone who can die easily is never miserable".

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.