Suppose I want to talk about "fallen angels": angels who (according to some Abrahamic sects) rebelled against God and were cast out of Heaven.
What would be the appropriate word for this? I'm not very familiar with Christian terminology in Latin.
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I'd say angeli lapsi, based on the general use of lapsus in Catholic theology. There's no direct example in the Bible, I believe, but is supported by e.g., the Latin Catechism, which inter alia says:
Satan seu Diabolus ceteraque demonia angeli sunt lapsi quia libere renuerunt Deo Eiusque servire consilio. Eorum contra Deum optio definitiva est. Hominem eorum rebellioni contra Deum sociare conantur. [see http://www.vatican.va/archive/catechism_lt/p1s2c1p7_lt.htm ]