I have just recently learned that the perfect tense in Latin can serve also as an aorist tense as well as a perfect tense and that the perfect tense in Latin is simply the result of the original Proto-Indo-European aorist and perfective aspect merging in Proto-Italic (all of these to the best of my knowledge and what I have been told).
Concerning the meanings of the aorist and perfect in general, I understand the differences. The aorist simply indicates the completion of an action, the perfect indicates a state resulting from the completion of an action. I am simply interested in the following:
- Does Latin distinguish between the aorist and perfect at all via any means other than inflection, specifically in the perfect?
- If the above holds true, how would one go about distinguishing between an aoristic use of the perfect, or a perfective use of the perfect?