North & Hillard Ex. 190; Q1: "While they were cutting down the wood the enemy came upon them." The answer: "dum silvam succidunt eos hostis adoritur." The instruction given by N & H, p.146: dum (= while) regularly takes present indicative, even of past time.
Firstly: "were cutting down" must be imperfect yet the answer gives the perfect "succidunt"--why? This sometimes occurs when the following verb is pluperf; but, then, these are completed actions, in the past. Secondly: dum (= while) governs "succidunt"; so, from N-&-H's instruction the writer could choose to put this in the present tense; but, not "adoritur"--which is in the present? Thirdly: "adoritur" means "he attacks"; perfectly valid in the circumstances given, in the Q, but the student is asked for "came upon them"--assuming that this is acceptable artistic license?