According to Wikipedia, there are two notable ways to render large numbers, reaching up to hundreds of thousands and higher: apostrophus and vinculum. The first uses a system of expanding rings, so that 100,000 looks something like CCC|ƆƆƆ. The second uses lines above and on the side as multipliers, so Ī might mean 1,000 and |X̄| might be 1,000,000.
Unfortunately, Wikipedia doesn't provide classical examples of the use of these, so I'm wondering: were both of these systems for rendering large numbers in use during the classical period (75 BC – AD 300)? Which system came first? Which was more commonly used?