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Is there a Latin equivalent to the English phrase "on the run" to indicate someone who's avoiding capture/recapture? For example, "The prisoner is on the run." Would something like in fuga be accurate, or would I need to settle for something like Captivus effugit?

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The closest phrase I could come up with is in fuga, which is quite literally "on the run". There are a number of classical attestations of this phrase. Another good choice is the participle fugiens, possibly with a prefix ef- or pro-.

There is no Latin phrase that behaves exactly like "on the run", so you have to judge each context separately. For "the prisoner is on the run" I would simply say captivus profugit. For "while on the run, the prisoner slaughtered a dog", I would choose either captivus profugiens canem necavit, captivus in fuga canem necavit, or use two personal verbs like captivus profugiebat et canem necavit. The choice is a matter of style and fluency.

  • So would you say that Latin favors constructs with a non-linking verb, thus Captivus in fuga would probably not be preferred? – jpyams Sep 21 '17 at 12:02
  • @jpyams I'm not sure if it's a general tendency, but using ille in fuga est sounds weird, as opposed to ille fugit. I would say that "to be on the run" is best translated without in fuga, but it's safer not to draw too strong conclusions from it. – Joonas Ilmavirta Sep 21 '17 at 12:09
  • mactāre is a religious word, and the only way to understand it in this context is "sacrificed". You probably want the simplest option, which is necāvit. in fugā is a good suggestion, however - it's found repeatedly in Justinian's Dīgesta ("aut sī servus in fugā est"), and "quī in fugā esse dīcitur" confirms it's an established legal term. – Unbrutal_Russian Jun 20 at 0:29
  • @Unbrutal_Russian I changed the verb as you suggested. Thanks! – Joonas Ilmavirta Jun 20 at 6:40

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