I am not familiar with any mentions of bullying in Roman literature, so I would like to ask for good words for the phenomenon in classical Latin. I would like something that is suitable for bullying in a school, but other similar contexts are also fine. I have found some words that might be suitable, but I can't quite judge which ones would be most appropriate or if I have missed something.
I could identify four important word types related to bullying. Since I assume them to be related — probably three others derived from one of the words — I chose to ask about four words in one. Here are the words with my suggestions:
- The verb "to bully": molestare, cavillari, vexare, angere
- The noun "bullying" for the phenomenon: vexatio, molestatio, cavillatio, molestia, incommodum, fastidium
- The noun "bully" for the person bullying: vexator, tortor, diabolus
- A noun for the person being bullied: vexatus, tortus, molestatus
What quadruplet of words would you suggest and why?
(In Finnish the four words would be "kiusata", "kiusaaminen", "kiusaaja", and "kiusattu", all derived from the verb "kiusata". These are all frequent words in related discussions, so I would prefer to have Latin counterparts to be able to discuss the matter in Latin.)