Here is The English Gentleman as depicted by Richard Braithwait in 1630:
This is a thirty-part question. Can you tell:
(a) What are the Latin words in each box?
(b) What do they literally mean?
(c) What do they really mean?
I'm not looking for crisp English translations, but brief explanations of the meaning, possibly including stories, traditions, or writings that they allude to.
To illustrate, I can make out that under Education, the motto is Ubera et verbera, which literally means "teats and beatings", but what does that mean? Under Moderation, I think the words are moderata durant, which dictionary definitions suggest means "moderated things endure", but that only reminds me that definitions often fail to convey the meanings of the words they define. The middle box says Spes in cælis, pes in terris, the meaning of which I can see is "Hope in heaven, feet on the ground," but why are cælis and terris in the plural? I can't even make out the Latin words in many of the boxes; maybe if you can recognize traditional mottos, you can make out the text better. (Or maybe you can find a higher-resolution image.)
You don't have to get all ten boxes. I'll give you a +1 if you can get even one of them. Here's a higher-resolution image (thanks to brianpck).
A tangent off of researching this question.