4

[exact (adj.)]   exigere "demand, require, enforce," literally "to drive or force out," also "finish, measure," from ex- "out" (see ex-) + agere "drive, lead, act" (see act (n.)).

[Wiktionary:]
1. I drive out; expel.
2. I demand, require; enforce, exact (pay).
3. I execute, complete a task.
4. I measure against a standard; weigh.
5. I determine, find out, ascertain.
6. I examine, consider, test.
7. I endure, undergo.
8. (of time) I spend, pass.
9. I bring to an end, conclude, finish, complete.

To me, meanings 4, 6, 7, and 8 appear more abstracted from the etymology, and appear to have shifted semantically. So what underlying semantic notions captures and explain all the meanings above, as well as representing the Semantic Field for this verb?

  • 1
    What era? Classical only, or broader? – Nathaniel Feb 23 '16 at 19:04
  • @Nathaniel No preference; please feel free to decide (personally, I am interested in Vulgar Latin too, but it may be impertinent to my question). – Greek - Area 51 Proposal Feb 23 '16 at 19:05
  • This L&S entry is a good place to start for usage examples. – brianpck Feb 23 '16 at 19:09

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