7

In my dictionary enuntio is first conjugation verb,

enuntio, avi, are

Now in Spinoza there came up this word - 'enunciatum', which is said to be (source - Wictionary) coming from enuntio, as alternative form of 'enuntiatus', Perfect passive participle of ēnuntiō.

I haven't noticed such a changes before, is it common in new Latin?

7

This is very common, in fact. In Medieval and later Latin, both C and T before I and E (and thus also AE and OE) softened the dentals (probably into /ts/ but perhaps even /tʃ/, English's "ch" sound.

This then led a number of places where in Latin there was a T to turn into a C, such as racio for ratio or vicium for vitium, leading to the derivative vice.

Many of the changes are detailed under Medieval Latin orthography guides, such as Mantello & Rigg's.

  • 2
    In current ecclesiastical pronunciation, c before e-i-oe-ae becomes /tʃ/ while t before i + vowel (e.g. -tio, -tium, -tia) becomes /ts/. – brianpck Jan 2 '17 at 19:30
  • In Italian the word is enunciato (with /tʃ/, means ‘statement’); similarly, renuntiare gave rinunziare (with /ts/, formal written language, not used any longer in speech) and the more common rinunciare. To the contrary, vitium gave vizio (with /ts/) and ratio/rationem gave ragione. – egreg Jan 10 '17 at 9:35
3

The usual school pronunciation of Latin in Germany is that ci + vowel and ti + vowel are both realised as /tsi/.

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.