In my textbook, there's a chapter on conditional relative clauses, in which it explains how relative pronouns and adverbs, especially when they are indefinite, can form the protasis of a conditional statement.

For example,

Whoever has a sword and shield should help protect the wall.

In the above example, "whoever" is an indefinite relative pronoun. The protasis consists of "whoever has a sword and shield"; the apodosis, of "should help protect the wall".

But what about relative adjectives? Can a relative adjective describing the subject (or object) of a clause also give that clause conditional force?

For example,

Take whichever swords are at at hand; we shall need whichever arms you may find.

Are there conditions in the above example?

I ask because, as far as I know, what qualifies as a condition often requires certain particles or moods. It would thus affect the way I compose the above example in Greek.

I appreciate any feedback.

1 Answer 1


Yes, the construction is the same whether the relative is modifying a noun (relative adjective) or not (relative pronoun). The latter type is more frequent, but there are examples of the former, e.g. this from Smyth:

ὥστ᾽ ἀποφύγοις ἂν ἥντιν᾽ ἂν βούλῃ δίκην
"so that you can get off in any suit you please” (Ar. Nub. 1151)

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