For each of the 5 senses, does Latin have distinct verbs for the intellectual act that follows from the bodily act of sensation?

For example:

Bodily act of sensing Corresponding act of intellect
to look to see
to hear to listen

and similarly for the other 3 senses.

This is reminiscent of St. Augustine's De Magistro V.12, which grapples with the question of verbum ("word") vs. nomen ("noun").

  • 2
    You mean like "understand" or "perceive"? Have you thought to just look up translations for those words? Otherwise, what you're asking isn't clear to me.
    – cmw
    May 30, 2023 at 2:35
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    I'm not sure what you mean by "corresponding intellectual act". The meanings in the second column are metaphorical -- are you asking whether Latin uses the same metaphors as English?
    – TKR
    May 31, 2023 at 4:38
  • 1
    I agree with @TKR. I think you're confusing metaphor with some aspect of the verb.
    – cmw
    May 31, 2023 at 5:24
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    I'm confused by your last comment. It seems to me that you are asking about metaphorical uses of "see", not the distinction between "see" and "look", and similarly for other senses.
    – Joonas Ilmavirta
    Jun 1, 2023 at 9:18
  • 1
    @Geremia I'd say that looking means pointing your eyes at something, and seeing means noticing or becoming aware of something that you are looking at. While seeing does involve the brain, it is about the brain interpreting what the eye sees. In phrases like "I see your point" the meaning is different, as it is not about actually perceiving something through vision. The verb "see" is used metaphorically. The question as it now stands is about the literal/metaphorical distinction, not about the look/see (or listen/hear or any other) distinction.
    – Joonas Ilmavirta
    Jun 3, 2023 at 0:45


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