In Keller's Learn to Read Latin
11. Distinguishing Transitive and Intransitive Verbs
A transitive verb expresses an action that is directly exerted on a person or thing. The person or thing receiving the action is the direct object (see §1). For example:
The dog catches the ball.
She was sending a package.
The verbs in these sentences (“catches” and “was sending") are transitive (< transeo, go across). The direct objects in these sentences, “ball” and “package,” would be expressed in Latin in the accusative case.
Many transitive verbs, such as "catches" and “was sending," require direct objects to complete their meanings. Many transitive verbs, however, may be used absolutely; that is, they may occur without an expressed direct object. For example, to the question “What are you doing?” the response “I am writing" could be considered com- plete, although a direct object (book, some letters) is implied.
An intransitive verb expresses an action that is not directly exerted on a person or thing. It cannot take a direct object. For example:
He stands on the corner.
I shall go home.
Two important types of intransitive verbs are copulative verbs“ and verbs that express motion (go, come, etc.). The actions of the verbs in these sentences are not exerted on direct objects. In the second sentence, the adverb “home” (= homeward) is not a direct object since the action of “shall go” is not exerted upon “home.” For the most part, verbs that are transitive in English are transitive in Latin. However, there are several important exceptions. These are indicated in the vocabulary lists and notes.
How can I tell the difference between intransitive verbs, and transitive verbs which "may be used absolutely; that is, they may occur without an expressed direct object"?
Timeo is transitive but may be used absolutely (see §11). It may be accompanied by a Dative of Reference or by the preposition dé (as well as by other prepositions). ,
Agricola timet. The farmer is afraid. (used absolutely.)
Agricola reginam timet. The farmer fears the queen. (transitive)
Aricola reginae timet. The farmer fears for the queen. (with dative)
Agricola de filio timet. The farmer is afraid about (his) son. (with de + ablative)
When timeo is "accompanied by a Dative of Reference or by the preposition dé (as well as by other prepositions)", is it an absolute transitive or an intransitive?
In the third and last sentences, Is timeo an absolute transitive or an intransitive?
In Oxford Latin Dictionary,
Are the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th meanings of timeo transitive, and the 1st meaning intransitive?
which meaning of timeo refers to absolute transitive?