6

In Vulgate, in Psalmi 104:18, it says:

Montes excelsi cervis, petra refugium herinaciis.

I thought cervus meant deer, but the New International Version translates this verse as:

The high mountains belong to the wild goats, the crags are a refuge for the hyrax.

What is going on here?

1 Answer 1

5

The New International Version gives the translation for the Hebrew יָעֵל (yael), which means mountain goat.

Concerning the Vulgate's translation, John Gill notes in his Exposition of the Entire Bible:

The Septuagint, Vulgate Latin, and Arabic versions, render it "for the harts", or deer; and so Apollinarius: but the word is not used of them.

4
  • 1
    I'm a bit surprised by this: did the Septuagint translators just get it wrong? Regarding the Vulgate, it's important to note that the current version of the Psalms is (essentially) a literal translation from the Septuagint. Jerome didn't do a de novo translation from the Hebrew until later, but that version was never much used. I noticed that the 1945 psaltery changes cervis to ibicibus.
    – brianpck
    Feb 26, 2022 at 17:49
  • 2
    @brianpck: Sure looks like it. But would αίγαγρος have been known to the Jewish community in Egypt?
    – Joshua
    Feb 27, 2022 at 0:01
  • 1
    @Joshua What Jewish community in Egypt? Feb 28, 2022 at 5:10
  • 2
    @FlatAssembler: According to thoughtco.com/the-story-of-the-septuagint-bible-119834 , the Septuagint was translated in Alexandria, which is in Egypt.
    – Joshua
    Feb 28, 2022 at 5:22

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service and acknowledge you have read our privacy policy.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.