If I wanted to say something like "I love you now and forever", can I use -que with one of the adverbs like I would with nouns?

Nunc perpetuoque te amo.

I tried searching various adverbs with -que attached but didn't find anything attested.

  • 1
    The answer to the general question in the title is, absolutely, e.g. minimeque Caes. BG 1,1. Whether the concrete example is idiomatic is a different question; examples like that are harder to find. Feb 17, 2022 at 21:41

2 Answers 2


TKR has already demonstrated that the enclitic -que can be attached to adverbs. Often -- perhaps more often than not -- this is done to join sentences or clauses. Here, though, are a few examples that are structurally close to your example:

ex multis audiebam quam fortiter sapienterque ferres iniuriam temporum
I heard from many how valiantly and how wisely you have borne the outrages of the times

Cicero, Ad familiares 6,10b

Agricola naturali prudentia, quamvis inter togatos, facile iusteque agebat.
Agricola, thanks to his natural prudence, although among civilians, acted courteously and justly.

Tacitus, De vita Iulii Agricolae 9.2

Breve enim tempus aetatis satis longum est ad bene honesteque vivendum
A short lifetime is still long enough to live well and honourably

Cicero, Cato maior de senectute 70

If you should change your mind and decide to say in perpetuum instead of perpetuo, then you have the option of saying in perpetuumque, but note that inque is also good classical usage.

By the way, I think this would also be a good opportunity for a double-et, i.e. et nunc et in perpetuum.

  • Oh, I forgot about double et. I like how that flows.
    – Adam
    Feb 18, 2022 at 13:51

Sure! Pretty much anything can be conjoined with -que. Here are some PHI searches: saepeque, semperque, beneque, maleque.

  • I need to improve my search game. Thanks!
    – Adam
    Feb 18, 2022 at 13:51

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