In the attached image from a medieval Florentine manuscript, what is the character/abbreviation after "donavit"? There also seems to be a version of it in the word before "ecclesiam". Thank you!

enter image description here

1 Answer 1


My guess would be pro and prope.

This particular backwards hook, starting at the top of the descender, can mean "ro," as discussed here.

Wikimedia has a few examples in this category:

quia pro (quia pro)

prope (prope)

prophete (prophete)

  • Thank you! Could I ask you how you would translate it (up to carta man. Rodulfi)? I think it is saying Borgo Santi Apostoli (a neighborhood) was destroyed and as a remedy Bishop Raniero (something something) near the church of Santi Apostoli? Or should I put this in a new question?
    – ed94133
    Commented Feb 3, 2022 at 9:31
  • The phrase is “pro remedio” Commented Feb 3, 2022 at 16:59

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