My enquiry arrises from a passage in “Lingua Latina Per Se Illustrata: Familia Romana” in its tenth chapter which is entitled “BESTIAE ET HOMINES” on its fifty-ninth line which is as follows.
"Spīrāre necesse est hominī."
The definitions of form I found are given below.
- A Latin Dictionary, 1962
p. 1195, Adj.
- Pocket Oxford Latin Dictionary, 2005
p. 120, Adv.
- Oxford Latin Dictionary, 2012
vol. 2, p. 128, Adv.
- Chambers Murray Latin-English Dictionary, 2016
p. 457, Adj.
- Collins Latin Dictionary
- Whitakers Words
Can anyone provide a reasoned parsing of "Spīrāre necesse est hominī." which may be lent to a sense of whether "necesse" is likely to be an adjective or an adverb?