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A bit of a mystery here (for someone not very well-versed in Latin at least).

I often encounter the word recusus in book titles of the post-classical period, usually but not always in conjunction with denuo (anew, again). However, I cannot find the word (or any verb from which it might plausibly be derived) in any of the standard Latin dictionaries that I've consulted.

An example: Tractatus de morbo mucoso. Denuo recusus annexaque praefatione de trichuridibus novo vermium genere / editus ab Henrico Augusto Wrisberg.

Another: I. Bodini Methodus Ad Facilem Historiarum Cognitionem: Accurate Denuo Recusus; Subiecto Rerum Indice.

I have a hunch that it means something like "corrected" or "edited". Am I right?

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2 Answers 2

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According to Johann Ramminger's Neo-Latin Word List, recudere means "to print" or "to reprint."

It is doubtlessly derived from classical cudere "to strike, to stamp or coin money."

Thus, denuo recusus means "newly printed."

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  • Just barely beat me!
    – cmw
    Oct 6, 2021 at 21:42
  • 1
    @cmw Numquam mihi in mentem venit ut te cudam 😯 Oct 7, 2021 at 21:20
  • 1
    What's the Latin for "good play on words"?
    – cmw
    Oct 7, 2021 at 22:46
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It's Neo-Latin, the perfect passive participle of recudere, which itself likely was coined on cudere, and it means "printed" or "reprinted."

So sometimes you'll see accurate denuo recusus, which means "accurately printed again."

Cudo, cudere:

II. Transf. (of metals), to prepare by beating or hammering, to forge; of money, to stamp, coin: “plumbeos nummos,” Plaut. Most. 4, 2, 11: “argentum,” Ter. Heaut. 4, 4, 18: “anulum,” to make, Quint. 9, 2, 61.— * B. Trop.: “quas tu mihi tenebras cudis?” forge, prepare, Plaut. Ep. 3, 4, 40.

I imagine the word was developed on analogy with coins.

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  • Thanks for this! Oct 6, 2021 at 22:06

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