Can you put a PPA in a periphrastic construction, with a form of esse?

I was working on the periphrastic declension of the future active parts and the future passive parts. Now it occurred to me: Would there also be such declension with PPA's, in combination with the forms of esse?

PPA + praesens esse
Cantans sum. - I'm singing.
Cantans sim. - May I be singing.

PPA + perfectum esse
Cantans fui. - I've been singing.
Ne cantans fueris. - Don't be singing.

PPA + imperfectum esse
Cantans eram. - I was singing.
Utinam cantans essem. - If only I were singing.

PPA + plusquamperfectum esse
Cantans fueram. - I had been singing.
Utinam cantans fuissem. - If only I had been singing.

PPA + futurum simplex esse
Cantans ero. - I will be singing.

PPA + futurum perfectum esse
Cantans fuero. - I will have been singing.

PPA + present infinitive esse
Cantans esse. - To be singing.

PPA + perfectum infinitive esse
Cantans fuisse. - To have been singing.

Are all these sequences (using cantans as an example) possible to say? And do they also occur (especially the PPA + praesens esse)? And is there perhaps also a participle + future infinitive esse, such as cantans futurum esse or cantans fore?

  • 3
    What is a PPA? Participle present active?
    – Draconis
    Sep 3, 2021 at 19:40
  • 1
    Yeah, can you clarify what you mean? Quick answer, though, is that no, these are not correct in Classical Latin.
    – cmw
    Sep 3, 2021 at 19:57
  • 1
    Johannes, we also have answered a question like this before. If you feel that thread doesn't answer your question fully, feel free to edit yours for clarity and to specify what further questions you might have.
    – cmw
    Sep 3, 2021 at 20:48
  • Welcome to the site! I second the comment by @cmw and I added a number of similar questions to the list. I recommend that you take a look at those other questions and see whether they contain the answer to yours. If not, please edit to clarify your question in relation to the other ones and their answers. There can well be an excellent original question in there, but it needs some distilling.
    – Joonas Ilmavirta
    Sep 3, 2021 at 20:53


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