5

This question is about the Homeric dialect.

crow/gull = ἡ κορώνη, κορώνης, 1st decl., feminine

goat = αἴξ, αἰγός, 3rd decl., masculine or feminine

In the nominative plural, the copy of Homer I have has these with circuflex accents:

σκῶπές τ' ἴρηκές τε τανύγλωσσοί τε κορῶναι (Odyssey 5.66)

οἵ τέ σε πεφρίκασι λέονθ᾽ ὡς μηκάδες αἶγες (Iliad 11.383)

Αἴξ also has the circumflex in the accusative singular and plural:

αἶγας ὁμοῦ καὶ ὄϊς, τά οἱ ἄσπετα ποιμαίνοντο. (Iliad 11.245)

But κορώνη appears as κορώνην in the accusative, without a circumflex.

The grammar I have handy for Homeric Greek is Pharr (4th ed). He actually uses αἴξ as one of his examples for the third declension (p. 293, #694), but doesn't explain the accents. Re κορώνη, I haven't noticed this type of circumflex in other first-declension -η words.

Can anyone explain what is going on here?

8

Per Wikipedia:

σωτῆρα (sōtêra) Law

If the accent comes on the penultimate syllable, it must be a circumflex if the last two vowels of the word are long–short. This applies even to words ending in -ξ -x or -ψ -ps [...] In most cases, a final -οι -oi or -αι -ai counts as a short vowel

1
  • 2
    Saved by the σωτῆρα law! Jul 30 at 3:41

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.