I wondered if the vocative forms of participles really exist.

E.g. the vocative of vocatus would be vocate, same with vocaturus and vocature.
Both forms can be found on pages like Wiktionary (vocate, vocature).

A quick search on packhum shows that vocature could not be found anywhere. I cannot find anything anywhere else about vocatives of participles.

Are these only fictional automatically generated forms or do they really exist?

3 Answers 3


In Martial 8,75 it says

Hic mihi de multis unus, Lucane, videtur,
Cui merito dici 'mortue Galle' potest.

“Mortue Galle” was (or so commentators claim) a term from gladiatorial fights; the Murmillo in Gallic armour was customarily greeted so.

I also found several examples for moriture on the Packhum website.

  • Thanks. The search @ALE posted let me found some other examples too.
    – Cyb3rKo
    Commented Jul 11, 2021 at 12:01

Sure! Try to do this kind of search: https://latin.packhum.org/search?q=iture


The very opening line of Horace's Odes goes:

Maecenas atavis edite regibus…
You Maecenas, who descend from ancestors that were kings…

The vocative of the participle editus plays a prominent role. There is a question on who these atavi were if you want to dig deeper.

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