8

Do you know the book that describes the origin of grammatical terms, gives their definition, explains why they are called the way they are etc. (e. g. what is "conjugation", why do we call it this way, who was the grammarian, which composed this term)

I'm not sure if I can ask this kind of question in this forum. Sorry if it is out of context.

2 Answers 2

6

I'm not aware of a book about this specifically, but almost all of our grammar terminology, at least when it comes to Greek and Latin specifically, is due to a (short!) work ascribed to Dionysius Thrax, Τέχνη Γραμματική ('The Art of Grammar'), filtered through the sometimes questionable translation skills of Roman grammarians, and from there lifted almost unchanged into English.

A famous story there is how the accusative got its name: Thrax named it the αἰτιατική (literally 'causal', from αἰτιατός 'caused' and the suffix‎ -ικός, I guess because he saw the direct object as being caused by the verb), which some Roman grammarian (traditionally Quintus Remmius Palaemon, who was very influential in his time, though his grammar has not come down to us) interpreted as instead deriving from αἰτιάομαι 'accuse' and the suffix -τικός, calquing it as accūsātīvus.
This is a funny goof, but most terms are effectively calques of Thrax like that, and many of them more successful than that one.

For your specific example, English conjugation is from Latin coniugātiō, which faithfully calques Thrax's συζυγία, literally 'yoking together'. An etymological dictionary (like Wiktionary) will usually give you the Latin and Greek terms, with or without the biographical details—if a Greek word is given, you can almost be certain it's due to Thrax.

1
  • Many thanks, didn't know these details! Jun 18, 2021 at 17:44
0

Check out this review of a book on the history of Latin grammatical terms.

1
  • 5
    Hi John, and welcome. At StackExchange, we operate a bit differently from regular discussion boards. Answers should be complete and offer up more information than a mere link. They should endeavor to answer the question in full. Usually, if it's just a link someone has to share, we can convert it to a comment on the question. But if you like, you can also edit your answer to fill in additional details. Feel free to ask if you have any questions about this process (Type @cmw to ping me.)
    – cmw
    Nov 17, 2022 at 3:41

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service and acknowledge you have read our privacy policy.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.