5

Cdl. Cajetan's early 16th cen. commentary on an article of St. Thomas Aquinas's Summa Theologica:

adhuc Romana Ecclesia coram Summo Pontifice non utitur [organum].
until now the Roman Church does not use an organ in the presence of the Supreme Pontiff.

Does this mean an organ is now used in the presence of the pope, when before it was not?

Lewis & Short says adhuc means

hitherto, thus far (designating the limit, inclusive of the whole space traversed

But is the present included when adhuc is followed by a negative clause?

3

No, it means that an organ is still (including today) not used in the presence of the pope.

One would have to change the tense of utor from utitur (present indicative) to a perfect tense, which shows the action was completed some time in the past: usus est (perfect) or usus erat (pluperfect).

Perhaps a clearer English translation would be:

the Roman Church still does not use an organ in the presence of the Supreme Pontiff.


what Cdl. Cajetan did not say:

until now the Roman Church did not use [perfect] an organ in the presence of the Supreme Pontiff.

or

until now the Roman Church had not used [pluperfect] an organ in the presence of the Supreme Pontiff.

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