I would like to know what are the rules to form the plural of a noun plus a noun in possessive case. I am not sure if this is a correct description of what I am interested in let me give an example.
Say, I have the head of a horse, that is "caput equi." What would the plural be? Is it "capita equorum" [both in plural] or "capita equi" [only the nominative in plural] (or still something else)?
I chose the example as it is relatively clear that the idea is one head goes to one horse and there is no head with multiple horses attached or a horse with multiple heads.
I do not care for the particular words, but I wonder if it might depend on whether it is an ad hoc combination or a common combination (like, for example, curriculum vitae)?
Indeed, the motivation for this question derives from a side-discussion on a question related to curriculum vitae on another site, but I would like this question to be focused on the general rules.