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What would be a good translation of "touché" from English to Latin? Translating the French participle gives tactus, but I doubt that will convey the same idea. Is there an idiomatic Latin expression that could be used in a similar way? I cannot think of anything better than bene or ita vero.

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    1. Touché - because it's already loan word. – andy256 Sep 22 '16 at 11:42
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    2. I would analyze what it's original meaning was, before it was borrowed. It comes from fencing, where a touch by the sword was counted as a point. It has come to mean a telling blow or a telling point, an acknowledgement of an opponent's argument. – andy256 Sep 22 '16 at 11:46
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    @andy256. Touché is the perf. pass. part. of toucher, like Italian toccare, Spanish tocar etc., all from “Vulgar” Latin *toccare “to knock into”, originally “to the make the sound ‘toc’”. – fdb Sep 22 '16 at 14:19
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    .....Hence I could well imagine a mediaeval swordsman shouting "toccatus!", but I think Joonas is looking for something classical. – fdb Sep 22 '16 at 14:32
  • @fdb, I would indeed prefer something classical, but I will accept any era. What I most want is attested use in a similar meaning. Tactus, toccatus and touché are all fine, if they have been used that way. And I'm interested in discussions or arguments, not fencing. – Joonas Ilmavirta Sep 22 '16 at 14:38
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"Touché", to me, indicates that one is gracefully conceding a point in argument. It can also sound a bit pretentious to use the French loanword instead of plain English "granted".

With that in mind, I would suggest synchōrō.

This is (a transliteration of) the first singular present indicative active of Greek συγχωρέω. It's a verb with many different meanings; depending on context it can mean "combine, meet with" or "get out of the way of, withdraw from". But in rhetoric or debate, it means to concede or grant a point to your opponent. The first singular present indicative was used often in Plato, usually by people trying to argue against Socrates. And using a loanword, especially one which contains a non-native sound ("y"), gives it that slightly pretentious touch.

(Source: LSJ)

Example: Plato's "Republic" 1.335e (translation based on Shorey 1969):

"So if [someone suggests punishing lawbreakers], then he is no truly wise man. For what he meant is not true. For it has been made clear to us that in no case is it just to harm anyone." "Touché."

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    That's a very clever word for this purpose! Do you know if it has been ever used in Latin? – Joonas Ilmavirta Sep 22 '16 at 15:48
  • Unfortunately I have not found any confirmation of Latin use. – Draconis Sep 22 '16 at 18:42
  • I'm not sure I agree with this translation: συγχωρέω is actually a pretty vanilla way of saying, "I agree" in Greek. The distinctive nuance of "touché" is "you're right--my argument was bad." – brianpck May 15 '17 at 13:18
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The Latin expression used by Plautus and then picked up by Erasmus (Adagia II, iv, 93), rem acu tetigisti, immediately came to mind as potentially useful in answering your question.

rem acu is a way of rendering the idea "point made". Here, the person is not "touched", but the matter is "touched by the point of a needle", i.e. with accuracy. Tetigisti is implied, but left out of the phrase.

acu tactus is a more direct way of saying touché using the same phrase as a basis.

see Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase and Fable:

Rem Acu. You have hit the mark; you have hit the nail on the head. Rem acu tetigisti (Plautus). A phrase in archery, meaning, You have hit the white, or the bull’s-eye.

“‘Rem acu once again,’ said Sir Piercie.”—The Monastery, chap. > xvi.

See Lewis and Short entry for acus, -us f. needle. Contrast is made between literal and figurative meaning.

acu rem tangere, to touch the thing with a needle, English, to hit the nail on the head

from Plautus, Rudens, 1306

Grip. Tum tu mendicus es?

Labr. Tetigisti acu.

See also L & S entry for tango, tetigi, tactum - there are multiple literal and figurative uses meaning to touch, to strike and to affect, among others.

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    This means "you're right on the mark"--isn't that quite a different idea from "touché"? – brianpck May 15 '17 at 15:24
  • @brianpck, I see your point. "Acu tactus" might work. I think saying rem acu (tetigisti) can be a way of condeding a point. Joonas said he would prefer an alternative to "bene" or "ita". – user1466 May 15 '17 at 16:02
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    It might be too much to expect a perfectly matching idiom in Latin. This is certainly a related phrase that one should keep in mind. Thanks for the suggestion! – Joonas Ilmavirta May 15 '17 at 16:26

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