Vergil's Georgics, book 3, line 250, reads:

nonne vides ut tota tremor pertemptet equorum corpora si tantum notas odor attulit auras.

Why is the subjunctive mood used here? And what is this ut?

  • Good question, welcome to the site!
    – Cerberus
    Mar 19, 2021 at 22:37

1 Answer 1


It's an indirect question following the interrogative ut, which takes the subjunctive:

Surely you see how...

For ut used in this way, see its Lewis & Short entry.

  • but ut is not an interrogative. its about fear, purpose. how is like that in english. wheres that in a latin dic?
    – user21669
    Mar 20, 2021 at 3:32
  • 2
    @user21669 That is incorrect. Look at the very first definitions in Lewis & Short.
    – cmw
    Mar 20, 2021 at 4:15
  • how is used like that right in english. like i understand how life is tough. so the same thing is happening in latin?
    – user21669
    Mar 20, 2021 at 4:48
  • this ut is used like "that". you see that horses are....?
    – user21669
    Mar 20, 2021 at 4:48
  • 1
    @user21669 Precisely like the English there. In Latin, a that like "you see that horses are" would be indirect statement, so accusative + infinitive: *vides equos esse..."
    – cmw
    Mar 20, 2021 at 6:08

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