Pliny the Elder claimed, in the 6th book in the 19th chapter of "Naturalis Historia", that the name "Caucasus" comes from Scythian "kroi hezios" meaning "snow-covered". The word "kroi" (presumably meaning "snow") is probably cognate to Greek κρυος (ice). But where would the Scythian word "hezios" meaning "covered" come from?

EDIT: In case there is any ambiguity, I am not implying Pliny's etymology was right. But I think it is relatively reasonable to believe "kroi hezios" really meant "snow-covered" in Scythian.

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    Pliny said: "scythae ipsi persas chorsaros et caucasum montem croucasim, hoc est nive candidum, [appellavere]." That would be white with snow, rather than snow-covered. Do you have a source the backs up the claim that it's from "kroi hezios"? Jan 24 '21 at 14:18
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    Probably unknown, since Etymonline doesn't elaborate, but you might get a better answer with linguists who specialize in Indo-Iranian languages: etymonline.com/word/Caucasus#etymonline_v_27825
    – cmw
    Jan 24 '21 at 20:26
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    Wiktionary says "Perhaps from Proto-Scythian *xrohukäsi (“ice-shining, white with snow”)."
    – Colin Fine
    Mar 27 '21 at 23:18

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