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In a footnote of Vives' Dialogs (for the word "Ad brechma"):

Ad Brechma, brechma, tis; sive bregma, pars anterior capitis, synciput a Breco Graeco, quod est pluo, et irrigo; haec enim pars maxime humida, et tenera esse solet praecipue infantibus: Gaza tamen aliquoties occiput vertit.

It is understood that brechma is the forehead where we humans used to sweat. Yet I have 3 distinct questions (in order of importance) about this passage:

  1. what is "Gaza tamen aliquoties occiput vertit", my guess Gaza is Theodorus Gaza (fits the timeline), but I am puzzled with respect to "aliquoties occiput vertit" — "Gaza reversed the back-head several times"(?) [attributed the opposite meaning?]
  2. what is tis in "Ad Brechma, brechma, tis"?
  3. What is the Greek word "Breco" that is the source of our brechma. Other version renders this footnote as "synciput a verbo Graeco" (instead "synciput a Breco Graeco"), but I suspect the correct reading is indeed Breco.

Edit:

I was able to locate the Greek word, which is βρέχω (I wet, rain) as said in the footnote.

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In order of certainty:

2. As this is essentially a dictionary entry, explaining a word, I think "Ad Brechma, brechma, tis" indicates the declension. The -tis is the genitive ending, so this is a Greek style third declension neuter. Modern dictionaries could write this as "brechma, brechmatis" or "brechma, -tis". So the missing bit that helps parsing this correctly is the dash before tis.

1. I am less sure about this one, but it seems possible that here vertere means "to translate". If you read the verb like this, the sentence says: "Gaza sometimes translates this as occiput."

3. I think the full version would be "synciput a verbo Graeco breco", "synciput from the Greek word breco". Leaving out the explicit word verbo is not a big surprise, nor is a later editor adding it in. Why they would leave out breco beats me; perhaps they thought it was a misprint for verbo? Unfortunately I don't know nearly enough Greek to be of any help with the actual Greek word.

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