Gibbon references "Panegyric Vet." or "Panegyric Veter." a few times in DandF's notes, e.g. the orator Eumenius (Panegyric Veter. viii 6, or Panegyr. Vet. v 18.

The Panegyric is referring to the Panegyrici Latini, but I can't figure out what the Vet. is. In doing some searching, I've found references in other books that are similar, e.g. Panegyrici Veter. Gallicani or Panegyrici Latini Vet. 2 (12).5.1-2. But in no case have I seen it spelled out, and I haven't found any reference in any general entries on the Panegyrici Latini to it or anything like it.

What does the Vet./Veter. stand for?

1 Answer 1


Salve, and welcome to the site!

Apparently, the Panegyrici Veteres is an alternative name for the XII Panegyrici Latini. Currently, only the 9th is attributed to Eumenius. In the past, eight of them —from the 5th to the 12th— (and even all twelve) were attributed to him.

Here, veteres is the plural form of vetus, old.

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    – Joonas Ilmavirta
    Commented Sep 23, 2020 at 13:53
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    – Joonas Ilmavirta
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    – Rafael
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    – Joonas Ilmavirta
    Commented Sep 23, 2020 at 15:14

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