In the phrase Soli Deo gloria one can read soli in two different ways:
- If it is solus, the phrase means "glory only to the God" or "glory to the only God".
- If it is sol, the phrase means "glory to the Sun God".
In Christian context the first one is intended, of course. But the second interpretation is also sensible. The same happens whenever solus Deus is in dative, not only in this particular phrase.
When and how was this double meaning observed? Are there examples from the pagan antiquity of the phrase sol deus in dative?