What are the Latin root words for the English words "imperative" and "declarative"? What are their respective meanings?
Etymonline.com offers this for imperative:
from Late Latin imperativus "pertaining to a command," from imperat-, past participle stem of imperare "to command, requisition," from assimilated form of in- "into, in" + parare "prepare"
For declarative, it points to the entry on declare:
from Latin declarare "make clear, reveal, disclose, announce," from de- intensive prefix + clarare "clarify," from clarus "clear"