4

Allen & Greenough p.364, Note 2: the dative plural "his" has a suffix "-ce" attatched:

"hisce omnis aditus ad Sullam intercludere"; (Cicero Pro Roscius Amerino 110.10) firstly, (A & G) have omitted some words, the full quote:

"hisce [aliqua fretus mora semper] omnis aditus ad Sullam intercludere" =

"[always relying on some delay], to shut these men from all access to Sulla (close to them [Latin: "his"] every approach)".

(The missing words are irrelevant to this Q., but I'm surprised that (A & G) would do this.)

I have looked at the readily-available Greek & Latin suffix charts, to no avail. Therefore, the significance of suffix "-ce" is, please?

6

It's a demonstrative particle. You can find that in the book on page 67 where they comment about Ille and iste having the same particle:

a. Ille and iste appear in combination with the demonstrative particle -c, shortened from -ce, in the following forms:

Below that, there's another note as follows:

NOTE 1.--The appended - ce is also found with pronouns in numerous combinations: as, huiusce, hunce, horunce, harunce, hosce, hisce (cf. Sect: 146. N. 1), illiusce, isce; also with the interrogative -ne, in hocine, hoscine, istucine, illicine, etc.

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  • Thanks. And I thought it was just another suffix. Little wonder I couldn't find it. – tony Apr 7 at 15:58
  • And perhaps the most commonly seen -ce word of all that shows the full form of the suffix: ecce! (which oddly is not included in their list). – Janus Bahs Jacquet Apr 7 at 20:58
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    In addition, the -c in all forms of hic/haec/hoc is from the same suffix/particle, I believe. (By the way, I am used to calling it a deictic particle.) – Cerberus Apr 7 at 22:14

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