I'm trying to parse a few sets of Latin words divided into the categories: perfect participle, present participle and gerundives.

I'm struggling a bit. Particularly with gerundives. For instance, in explicandum I know that um seems to be a singular ending, neuter. ex is out; plic is to fold, but I keep finding and as in memorandum, but I'm not quite sure how to parse it. I think that there is a thematic vowel in there. On the whole, I'm supposed to parse it, provide the gloss of the elements and a meaning of the word, but I'm not able to parse the andin the gerundives. Is a single element or can I break it down further? Suggested readings are appreciated.


If you wanted to break explicāndum down into morphemes, it would look something like

ex -plicā-nd -um
out-fold -GND-NOM.SG.N
"it should be unfurled"

The -nd- in the middle marks the gerund and gerundive. I would personally group the -ā- in with the verb stem instead of with the gerundive suffix, but an argument could be made either way on that.

  • Thanks, this helps a lot. I keep finding - and or - end in the gerundive set. It makes sense that - nd is a gerundive marker (sort of). – hugo1620 Mar 23 '20 at 21:03

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